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The surge in the United States is mainly driven by states that have reopened early.
The rise in coronavirus cases in the United States, which has set five new daily records in the past nine days, is mainly due to countries that were among the first to relax virus restrictions when their economies reopened.
In Florida, the average number of new daily cases has increased more than tenfold since the reopening in early May. Arizona cases have increased 858 percent since the reopening on May 8. Cases in Texas have increased 680 percent since the reopening on May 1.
Epidemiologists had warned that reopening could lead to waves of new infections if it were done before the virus was contained and before contact tracking was ramped up enough to stem future outbreaks.
The trajectory of many states that pressed for early reopening offers a warning story.
In South Carolina, one of the first states to reopen retail stores, the average daily case count rose to 1,570, up from 143 since the reopening in late April by 999 percent. And in Georgia, where the governor's move to rapidly reopen in late April by Trump, who has generally urged states to reopen more quickly than was criticized too aggressively, cases have increased by 245 percent.
Now the U.S. is debating when and how school classes can be reopened – which Mr. Trump is keen to encourage, even if school districts, teachers, and some parents are concerned – and what steps should be taken by states that have become hot spots to reintroduce them Restrictions on the arrangement of people to wear masks.
Many of the states that bore the brunt of the cases in March and April but reopened more slowly have seen a significant drop in reported cases since then. Average daily falls in New York have dropped 52 percent since the state reopened in late May and 83 percent in Massachusetts.
However, there are exceptions. California, once seen as a model for curbing the virus, saw an alarming surge in new cases, which have increased 275 percent since May 25.
Florida, struggling with a rapidly growing outbreak, set a new record for most deaths in a single day on Thursday: 120.
The number of deaths in the state was over 4,000, the ninth highest in the nation. And there was concern that the country, which has had far fewer deaths so far than the countries where the first spikes occurred this spring, could enter a more deadly phase.
Cases in the state have doubled since late June. Governor Ron DeSantis, a Republican, said at a press conference Thursday that some labs have grown slowly with the expansion of tests to return test results because they see an increasing backlog of cases, so people aren't sure if isolate them during the test, especially if they show no symptoms.
He said the state is working to speed up testing for people with symptoms.
Even as the state continued to set records for new cases and deaths, Mr. DeSantis continued to push for school reopening, which made Mr. Trump a priority.
"If fast food and Walmart and Home Depot – and I do it all so I don't look down on it – but if all of that is important, it is absolutely essential to raise our children," he said. "And in a way they were pushed into the background."
The virus continues to change life in Florida. At a television station in Miami, WPLG Local 10, at least nine employees, including a news anchor, received or tested positive for Covid-19, and another 150 people connected to the station were waiting for test results.
In a report broadcast on Wednesday, the broadcaster Nicole Perez and her husband Roy Ramos, a broadcaster reporter, were asked about the symptoms they were experiencing. Calvin Hughes, co-moderator of Ms. Perez, said to the viewers: “This is not a political message here, this is a personal one. Please, please, wear your mask. "
Under pressure from scientists worldwide, the W.H.O. recognizes that the virus can remain in the air indoors.
The World Health Organization officially recognized on Thursday that droplets that carry the coronavirus may be in the air indoors and that people who spend long periods in crowded environments with inadequate ventilation may become infected. A reversal that many scientists described as long overdue.
The agency also clearly admitted that the virus can be transmitted by people who have no symptoms.
Apoorva Mandavilli reports on the recording, which was made after a push by more than 200 experts, and prompted the agency to update her description of the spread of the virus. The agency now says that transmission of the virus through aerosols or tiny droplets may have been responsible for "Covid-19 outbreaks reported in some closed environments, e.g. B. in restaurants, night clubs, places of worship or workplaces where people may scream, talk or sing. "
The WHO. still largely emphasizes the spread of the virus through larger droplets that are coughed or inhaled, or through contact with a contaminated surface, also known as "fomite transmission". In a longer document on scientific evidence, the agency further claims that "detailed studies of these clusters suggest that droplet and fomite transmission could also explain human-to-human transmission within these clusters."
In addition to avoiding close contact with infected people and washing hands, people should "avoid crowded places, close contact settings, and tight and closed spaces with poor ventilation," said the W.H.O. has said. It was said that houses and offices should provide good ventilation.
"It is refreshing to see that W.H.O. now recognizes that airborne transmission can take place, although it is clear that the evidence must erase a higher bar for this route compared to others, ”said Linsey Marr, aerosol expert at Virginia Tech.
However, the updated guide is not as extensive as many experts had hoped.
The WHO. had previously claimed that airborne dispersion is only a problem if healthcare workers are involved in certain medical procedures that produce aerosols. However, increasing evidence suggests that the virus can stay in the air for hours in crowded interiors and, when inhaled, can infect others and even trigger super-spreader events.
It has been widely recognized for months that apparently healthy people can spread the virus evidence for building asymptomatic transmission. But since the pandemic started, W.H.O. has claimed that asymptomatic cases were rare and that asymptomatic transmission, although it can occur, was "very rare".
However, on Thursday, the agency said: "Infected people can transmit the virus both when they have symptoms and when they have no symptoms."
The explanation provides an explicit reason for wearing masks – the W.H.O. she only advocated in early June, long after most national governments had done so – and for more extensive testing even of people with no obvious symptoms.
US schools are struggling to pay the cost of reopening.
While the White House, the country's paediatricians, and many worn-out, economically battered parents are pushing for school doors to open this fall, local education officials are being hit by the cost of safely returning students and teachers to the classroom.
Mr Trump threatened this week to cut federal funding for districts that won't be reopened, even though he controls only part of the money for schools.
Education Minister Betsy DeVos said in Fox News Thursday that the Trump administration is not proposing to raise funds from education. Instead, she said, "Let the families take the money and find out where their children can be taught if their schools refuse to open."
Administrators say they are already struggling to meet the logistical and financial challenges of retrofitting buildings, adding staff and protective equipment, and providing the right academic and emotional support to students after a traumatic life disorder.
The federal aid package adopted in March provided $ 13.5 billion for K-12 education – less than 1 percent of the total incentives. However, educational groups estimate that schools will need a multiple of them, and since the pandemic has already exhausted local and government budgets, it is unclear where the funds will be found.
How much money schools in the country need to reopen is also controversial, which is compounded by the contradicting, sometimes changing policies that administrators have received from government agencies and medical authorities.
Regardless of what guidelines are followed, reopening schools requires changes. An average sized district with 3,700 students can expect pandemic costs of $ 1.8 million in 2020-2021, which is 3 to 4 percent of a typical annual budget. This comes from an estimate by AASA, the School Superintendents Association.
Federal health agencies in the United States are trying to decide who gets the first doses of effective coronavirus vaccines that may be on the market this winter, but may take many additional months to be widely available to Americans.
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and an advisory committee of external health experts have been working on a ranking system for a possibly expanded rollout. According to a preliminary plan, all approved vaccines would first be offered to vital medical and national security officials, then to other key workers and people at high risk – older people instead of children, people with underlying diseases instead of relatively healthy ones.
Agency officials and advisors are also considering what has become a controversial option: to put blacks and Latinos, a proportion of the population who have been disproportionately victims of Covid-19, ahead of others in the population.
Some medical experts are not convinced that there is a scientific basis for such an option. They anticipate legal challenges or fear that prioritizing minority groups would undermine public confidence in vaccines at a time when vaccination is seen as crucial to ending the pandemic.
"I'm not sure how this is perceived by the public and how it affects the way vaccines are viewed as a trusted public health measure," said Claire Hannan, executive director of the Association of Immunization Managers Group represented on the committee.
California Governor Gavin Newsom, standing in front of a Black Hawk fire helicopter, said Thursday that rising temperatures and tanning grass are a reminder that the pandemic is not the only threat to Californians.
The fire season is here.
"We are now in the middle of the forest fire season," he said. "Let us be careful."
The pandemic is already a precarious summer for the Californians. In Los Angeles, the mayor warns that he could stay home if an increase in the city does not subside. That would not work well if the house you live in is at risk of fire.
And in summer, the wrong winds could get every little grass fire out of control. Last year, the state's largest utility, Pacific Gas & Electric Co., cut power to millions of Californians to prevent its equipment – which has been blamed for some of the state's most catastrophic flames – from causing another fire.
This year, the virus has undermined California's ability to protect its citizens. Large, hot warehouses have become virus incubators. The state budget was hit hard in the economic crisis triggered by the pandemic, so funding for 500 new firefighters shrank to 172. Covid-19 outbreaks in state prisons have reduced inmates' firefighting teams from 192 to 94, Newsom said. And the normal ways of protecting people who were forced to flee their homes had to be updated to meet the requirements of social detachment and avoid buffet meals.
State emergency services director Mark Ghilarducci said during the briefing that families fleeing fires could be brought to hotels. Individual meals are packed. When residents are in emergency shelters, they must wear masks and have their temperature measured.
According to a Times database, California reported an average of 8,077 new cases a day from Wednesday last week. The state's positivity rate averaged 7.3 percent per day over the past week.
The intensive care unit of Papa Giovanni XXIII hospital in Bergamo, one of the most severely affected Italian provinces, reached a milestone this week: for the first time in 137 days, there were no more Covid 19 cases.
The hospital celebrated the event on Wednesday with a moment of silence, followed by applause for the healed.
"Then I said to them," Well done, get back to work, "said Ferdinando Luca Lorini, director of the emergency services at the hospital.
The milestone was important to note, he said, "not so much for the outside world, but for everyone who worked around the clock for 137 days and did everything to celebrate that we had won the fight."
It was a slow road to covid-free status. The patients arrived in February and did not stop. On March 16, a date that Dr. Lorini was remembered, crowded more than 100 patients in the intensive care unit, another 144 on ventilators in other wards.
"It's the way it was now," he said.
The workers took off the protective gear they had been wearing for months: double gloves, masks, double white coats. They showered before and after each shift. "Now we move freely, dressed like doctors and nurses," he said.
Of the 88 patients currently in intensive care, some are former virus patients who are still dealing with the consequences of the virus. The hospital will soon begin examining released patients to see how they are doing, said Dr. Lorini.
In other news from around the world:
India Almost 25,000 new infections were recorded on Thursday, the highest total in one day, as new research showed that the country's virus reproduction rate had increased since the blockages were relaxed. India's number of cases is the third largest in the world after the USA and Brazil. According to a Times database, there are an average of 450 Covid 19 deaths per day.
Australia intensified its efforts to isolate the outbreak that spread to Melbourne on Thursday when the state of Queensland closed its doors for people trying to escape the city's six-week closure. Most of Australia is now closed to people from the state of Victoria, whose capital is Melbourne. State authorities reported 165 new cases on Thursday, including six infections related to a school in which a cluster has now spread to 113 people.
Hong Kong announced new social distancing measures on Thursday as 42 new cases were recorded, another daily high this week. As of Friday for two weeks, restaurants and night clubs cannot be more than 60 percent full, while the number of people admitted to each table is limited to eight in restaurants and four in bars.
The future of thousands of international students in the United States has been questioned by the Trump administration's instruction that those whose classes are fully online for fall must leave the country.
According to the Open Doors 2019 report on international educational exchange, the directive would affect around one million students. China sends the highest number of students – with approximately 370,000 enrolled students at American universities in 2018-2019 – followed by India with just over 200,000 enrolled students this year.
Harvard and the Massachusetts Institute of Technology have sued the Trump administration in a federal court to block the directive, arguing that the policy is political and will improve higher education in the United States, and other universities have tried to address the fears of the To disperse students. The American Medical Association urged the government on Thursday to rethink the rule change as it could jeopardize the status of medical students who are urgently needed by the workforce.
As reality began to grow, people around the world grew outraged, who now have the possibility that they may not be able to return or stay in the US to continue their education. Many are rethinking whether the decision to enroll in an American institution despite expertise and prestige was worthwhile.
Macarena Ramos Gonzalez, born in Spain, who is about to finish her doctorate. The program for applied physiology at the University of Delaware was blunt: "If they really don't want me here – and the administration made it very clear in many ways – I shouldn't have come."
The same week the United States retired from W.H.O. began, the group’s leader emotionally appealed to international solidarity on Thursday to tackle the raging pandemic.
"The biggest threat we face is not the virus itself," said Dr. Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus, the director general of the W.H.O., with a cracking voice during a briefing at the organization's headquarters in Geneva. "It is rather the lack of leadership and solidarity on a global and national level."
Dr. Tedros did not directly mention the United States, but noted that some countries have had difficulty curbing the virus as infections have increased significantly in recent weeks. Others were able to suppress the number of infections and deaths with diligent and concerted effort.
Dr. Tedros, who has often complained about the lack of international cohesion, said the virus "lives from division". "How is it difficult for people to unite to fight a common enemy that kills people indiscriminately?" he said, seeming to wipe a tear from his cheek.
The United States is the largest donor to W.H.O. According to the organization's statutes, the resignation cannot take place for one year. Mr. Trump criticized the handling of the W.H.O. with the pandemic and accused it of favoring China in its response. Mr Trump said in May that he was planning to withdraw and raise the alarm worldwide. Dr. Tedros announced on Thursday the appointment of a blue ribbon panel led by former Liberian President Ellen Johnson Sirleaf and New Zealand Prime Minister Helen Clark to assess the response to the pandemic.
He said the world needed honest reflection to learn the big lessons, but asked, "Can we do it honestly?"
Meet a researcher who was trying to develop treatment while her mother was working in a Covid-19 ward.
In January, Stephanie Giordano, a 25-year-old researcher at drug manufacturer Regeneron in a suburb of New York City, started treatment when a frightening new virus-filled health center in Wuhan, China, began.
The virus had spread by March. Fearing that she might get infected on the way to work, she moved from her East Harlem apartment to an Airbnb near the Westchester headquarters.
Then her mother, a nurse's assistant, was transferred to a Covid 19 ward, where she cared for the elderly who had difficulty breathing. No drug could help them – or theirs if they got sick.
"I had someone on the line who was really close to my heart," Ms. Giordano recalled. "And I wanted to see how she did it."
Ms. Giordano, the youngest member of the company's five-person rapid response team for infectious diseases, helped develop one of the most promising new treatments for Covid-19.
Working 90 hours a week, she examined thousands of antibodies – the immune system's weapons that search for and destroy viruses – in search of the strongest. The result was a cocktail of two antibodies that may not only treat the virus, but also prevent it by giving the body the same natural defenses that people who are infected with it produce themselves.
The Trump administration has pushed Regeneron's treatment significantly this week, awarding the company $ 450 million for the manufacture and delivery of cans. This is in addition to the $ 160 million in federal funds the company had already received to conduct clinical trials and ramp up production. After the treatment passed an initial safety study, Regenerons began broader studies to evaluate the effectiveness of the product.
Regeneron is one of several companies that perform antibody treatments. Drug giant Eli Lilly has also started clinical trials, and others working on antibody treatment include partnerships between Amgen and Adaptive Biotechnologies, as well as Vir Biotechnology and GlaxoSmithKline. However, drug development is notoriously unpredictable and it is unclear which of these projects, if any, will be successful.
Just over 1.3 million Dismissed workers in the United States made new applications for state unemployment benefits last week, the government reported Thursday.
Another one million new applications were submitted last week as part of the federal pandemic unemployment support program designed to provide unemployment benefits to freelancers, the self-employed and other workers who are normally not eligible for state unemployment insurance.
Nationwide attitudes have increased in recent weeks, and the unemployment rate fell from a peak in June of 14.7 percent in April to 11.1 percent. However, most wage increases were due to the fact that temporarily laid-off workers were reinstated. The number of people whose jobs have disappeared and who have to look for new ones has increased.
In other business news:
Starbucks As of July 15, face masks should be required at all locations in the United States. In some locations that are not covered by government mandates, customers without a mask could place orders when driving through or picking up at the roadside.
Sur La TableThe upscale cookware company filed for bankruptcy on Wednesday. In court records, the company said it expects to sell more than half of its locations to the Fortress Investment Group and to close 51 of its 121 US branches.
Bed bath beyond said Wednesday that it would close 200 stores permanently over the next two years, starting later this year. The retailer said sales were down nearly 50 percent in the last quarter despite an increase in online sales.
"Not what we need right now: New Hampshire Republicans are concerned about Trump's Saturday rally.
As the senior health official in Tulsa, Okla., Suggested, an increase in cases could be related to the controversial rally of the indoor campaign last month, the top Republican in New Hampshire – where Mr. Trump is scheduled to hold a rally on Saturday – has already said , he would skip the big gathering for health reasons.
"I'm not going to stand in the middle of thousands of people," said New Hampshire governor Chris Sununu, a Republican, recently on CNN. He is up for re-election in November.
New Hampshire, a state Hillary Clinton narrowly won in 2016, is one of only two states to see declines and officials there want to keep it that way.
Trump's campaign said there was no sense in the expected attendance at the event, which will largely take place outside in a hangar at Portsmouth Airport. Campaign officials "strongly" encourage attendees to wear face masks, with the hope that the virus concerns will be addressed at the event, but are preparing for a lower turnout.
"It is not what we currently need in relation to Covid," said Tom Rath, a Republican former attorney general from New Hampshire.
Last month, health officials in Tulsa expressed concerns that an indoor Trump campaign rally could turn into a "super spreader" event and advised people over the age of 60 who are at higher risk of virus-related complications not to participate . Tulsa currently has a record number of new cases.
"We have had almost 500 cases in the past two days and we know that we had several major events just over two weeks ago, which is about right," said Dr. Bruce Dart, director of the Tulsa Health Department, at a news conference. "So I think we're just connecting the dots." The recent protests in the city were among the events.
In other news from the United States:
The governor of Texas ordered hospitals in dozens of counties to suspend elective surgery to release hospital beds for Covid-19 patients. The state had the fourth highest number of cases in the country after New York, California and Florida. The governor had issued such orders in several areas, including Houston.
The Trump administration proposed a ban Migrants Obtain asylum in the United States if they have traveled or come from a country that has had to deal with the virus or other outbreaks. If enacted, the rule would create an administrative framework to continue to use a public health crisis to justify the sealing of the United States to just about anyone seeking protection on the southwestern border.
More than 2,200 cases were announced on Thursday in Alabama, a one-day record, and officials in Montana reported 95 new cases, also a daily record.
San Francisco Mayor London Breed said Thursday she had tested negative after attending an event with another person who had the virus. She said she would do another test next week, as it may take some time between the exposure and a positive result. She urged people to follow public health instructions. "Obviously, going to events is ruthless when you know you're COVID positive," Ms. Breed wrote on Twitter.
Antibody results walk-in doctor's offices in New York City seem to show the sharpest picture yet of how different the infection rates were in the city. In Corona, a working-class Latino neighborhood in Queens that was among the hardest hit, 68 percent of people tested in a CityMD clinic had antibodies. But in a wealthier, whiter neighborhood nearby, only 13 percent of people tested positive.
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Die Berichterstattung wurde von Maria Abi Habib, Maggie Astor, Peter Baker, Julia Calderone, Damien Cave, Patricia Cohen, Michael Cooper, Jill Cowan, Abdi Latif Dahir, Dana Goldstein, Joseph Goldstein, Erica L. Green, Maggie Haberman und Anemona Hartocollis verfasst. Mike Ives, Andrew Jacobs, Miriam Jordan, Zolan Kanno-Youngs, Patrick Kingsley, Michael Levenson, Cao Li, Iliana Magra, Apoorva Mandavilli, Raphael Minder, Richard C. Paddock, Elian Peltier, Elisabetta Povoledo, Karan Deep Singh, Mitch Smith, Megan Specia, Eileen Sullivan, Lucy Tompkins, Megan Twohey, Kim Velsey, David Waldstein, Noah Weiland, Billy Witz, Will Wright, Sameer Yasir, Elaine Yu und Karen Zraick.