Every 5 minutes almost an Indian dies from the terrible and severe disease tuberculosis. It is caused by bacteria that mainly affect the lungs, but can be prevented by eating the right healthy foods. Good nutrition is a protective shield and strengthens the immune system to get rid of tuberculosis complications. Read on to find out more about the Indian TB plan for TB patients (causes of tuberculosis, symptoms, nutrition chart).
One of the most common signs or indicators of this disease is malnutrition. A diet rich in nutrient-rich foods can be considered the best for treating tuberculosis. A lack of proteins can affect the body's ability to fight infection. An active tuberculosis patient has to rely on antibiotics, but diet contributes significantly to the treatment and recovery of tuberculosis.
Causes of tuberculosis:
Tuberculosis is caused by bacteria called Mycobacterium tuberculosis. These bacteria can spread from person to person if someone with active tuberculosis coughs, spits, or sneezes.
Tuberculosis is contagious. However, most people with active TB who receive adequate drug treatment for at least two weeks are no longer contagious.
Symptoms of tuberculosis:
TB can be either latent (inactive) or active. Signs and symptoms of active TB are:
- Loss of appetite.
- Weight loss through malnutrition.
- Cough that lasts three or more weeks.
- Cough up blood.
- Chest pain or pain when breathing or coughing.
- Night sweats.
Tuberculosis can sometimes affect other organs in your body. This includes the kidneys, spine or brain. In such a case, the symptoms vary depending on the organs involved.
Indian diet plan for TB patients:
Tuberculosis is closely linked to malnutrition. Improving food intake and food selection will help you recover faster. Before we see the Indian diet plan for TB patients, let's look at some of the ideal foods that can help speed up recovery from tuberculosis:
Eating foods in tuberculosis:
The main food group that is responsible for strengthening the immune system is proteins. High protein foods are important to overcome tuberculosis. These foods include
- Lean meat
- Dried fruit
- Peanut ladoo
- Nut mixes.
If you suffer from anorexia, these foods can be used in powder form by adding this powder to your rotis or milkshake. These foods can provide the stamina needed to carry out daily activities during treatment.
To meet the high metabolic needs in the course of this disease, high-calorie foods are as follows:
- Cereal porridge,
- Rava Ladoo,
- Ragi porridge or drink,
- Peanut chikki,
- Rava halwa or
- Khichdi can be included in your diet.
Zinc and selenium:
Some of the excellent sources of these two important minerals are nuts, seeds and mushrooms. Nuts and seeds such as chia seeds, linseed and sesame, sunflower seeds and pumpkin seeds. The antioxidants contained in these nuts can fight the free radicals. The proteins it contains, along with the important minerals and vitamins, can facilitate tissue repair in tuberculosis patients.
These water-soluble vitamins, found in whole grain legumes and grains, seeds, nuts, eggs, sea fish, lean meats, and chicken, should be included in the tuberculosis diet plan. These foods can improve nutritional status and contribute to a quick recovery. Whole grains can give an energy boost and help you regain weight.
The fruits and vegetables that contain these vitamins include papaya, orange, guava, mango, tomatoes, peppers, carrots, and sweet pumpkin. Vitamin E foods such as vegetable oils, wheat germ and seeds should be included in the diet. You can introduce vegetables through soups or broths in the beginning before eating them in cooked form. You can overcome the side effects of antibiotics taken during treatment. Fruits rich in vitamin C, especially Indian gooseberries, can help remove harmful toxins from the body.
Reading – Delicious Sources of Antioxidants. Top 10 simple soup recipes.
Foods to avoid in tuberculosis:
The following foods must be avoided in the case of tuberculosis:
Trans fats are made by adding hydrogen to vegetable oil. This can lead to unhealthy cholesterol levels and inflammation. Symptoms of tuberculosis can be greatly reduced by eliminating trans fatty acids. To avoid this, avoid dalda, margarine, cookies, pastries, cakes, and foods that contain partially hydrogenated vegetable oil. These foods can be replaced with fresh foods such as vegetables and fruits. Reading – How Triglycerides Are Reduced.
Excessive consumption of alcohol or caffeine can disrupt your sleep pattern, as both are diuretics and can slow the healing process of tuberculosis. Instead, you can drink a healthy drink like caffeine-free green tea. It is a warehouse with powerful antioxidants that can improve your health. There are other drinks, such as pure juices and low-fat milk, that do not contain caffeine.
Refined carbohydrates like sugar and flour do not provide healthy calories and contain no nutrients. Some of the well-known sources are pasta, bread, instant rice, sugary drinks, pancake syrup, cereals and soft drinks. These foods can exacerbate the symptoms of tuberculosis. A good substitute for these foods would be high-fiber foods such as starchy vegetables and whole grains. Read – sources of complex carbohydrates
Greasy foods like fried chicken, french fries, onion rings, fried beef and bacon can contribute to a high amount of saturated fats. This can lead to an increased risk of heart disease, high cholesterol and diabetes. They can exacerbate tuberculosis symptoms such as fatigue, abdominal cramps and diarrhea. Instead of consuming these foods, you can also use steamed, cooked, and baked foods that don't contain butter, creamy sauces, and high-fat cheese.
Indian diet plan for TB patients:
Here is an example of an Indian diet plan for TB patients. This diet plan is based on the list of foods to eat and avoid in the case of the tuberculosis mentioned above:
|Early morning||1 glass of fresh bottle gourd juice mixed with lemon juice / amla juice
+ 1 tsp honey
+ 2 soaked walnuts
|breakfast||1 bowl of ragi porridge
Salted oatmeal boiled in water and sprinkled with flax seeds
2 omelet-shaped eggs with some cheese added.
+ 1 apple
|morning||Peanut butter smoothie / avacado smoothie / 1 banana / 2 boiled eggs|
|Having lunch||1 bowl of toasted pieces of soy curry / chicken curry / fish curry
1 bowl of paneer and grilled vegetables (capsicum, carrot, pumpkin)
1 glass of buttermilk sprinkled with roasted cumin powder
|morning||6 soaked almonds + 2 cashew nuts + 1 walnut
+ 1 bowl of Poha / 1 bowl of Rawa Upama / 1 bowl of Rawa Halwa
|dinner||1 bowl of ginger and carrot soup / sweet potato soup
+ 1 cup of Moong Dal Khichdi / 1 bowl of brown rice pulav
|Bedtime||1 cup of turmeric with honey|
Malnutrition and loss of appetite are the two main reasons that can increase the risk of infection. No special foods or diet plans are required for tuberculosis patients. Eating a nutritious and balanced diet as well as adequate rest and a positive attitude to life are all that is required to recover from this disease. Don't forget to subscribe to our YouTube channel. Subscribe now!