If you don't have a corona virus, you can expect your local dental office to be fine.
Dental offices are usually stable businesses that stay for decades, unlike restaurants that open and close frequently. Dentists earn a healthy salary – a median of $ 159,000 – and offer services without a clear replacement. If you need to clean your teeth or fill a cavity, the dentist is the only option.
In the eyes of some economists, this makes them the perfect barometer to measure the country's recovery from the shock of the pandemic.
"When you look at your typical dental practice, nothing has gone wrong with your business model," said Betsey Stevenson, economics professor at the University of Michigan. "Only corona virus has happened."
The dental industry has weathered an exaggerated version of the economic impact of the pandemic and has seen both a steep decline and a faster recovery than other sectors. Half of all dentists lost their jobs in March and April when states closed shops to slow the spread of the virus. According to an analysis of federal data from the non-profit Altarum Institute, the industry accounted for an astonishing 35 percent of all jobs lost in the healthcare sector during these months, although its employees make up only 6 percent of the industry.
How long it will take for these jobs to become fully available will be a key indicator of whether Americans feel safe to return to normal activities and whether they have the economic means to do so.
"I'm obsessed with dentists because if the only thing we do is stop the economy and then get back to normal, everyone should return," said Ms. Stevenson. "We are not really recovered until all dentists work again."
The dental industry stopped much of its work on March 16 when the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and the American Dental Association issued joint guidelines against electoral care. Some dentists say they closed earlier because protective equipment was running out.
By mid-April, 45 percent of dentists had fired all of their staff, according to the Dental Association. Only 13 percent remained fully open, while the remaining offices had skeleton staff. Patient visits fell to 7 percent of normal rates.
Marko Vujicic, chief economist of the dental association, expected a slow return of workers to dental practices. However, regular surveys sent to 12,000 dental offices every two weeks showed a relatively quick recovery.
"My first predictions were that we would take the elevator down and the escalator up," he said. "But we are actually seeing a fairly strong acceleration in the jobs that are coming back."
By the beginning of May, 33 percent of the dental surgeries had reinstated all of their employees. The number rose to 58 percent by mid-May and most recently reached 77 percent in the first week of June.
New federal data released last week tells a similar story. The dental industry created a quarter of a million jobs in May, which is 10 percent of the net jobs in the American economy.
Federal stimulus programs could have played a key role in getting dentists back to work. An estimated 37 percent of dental practices received Paycheck Protection Program funding to help small businesses keep workers on the payroll. Dental practices that participated in the program were more likely to remain open than those that did not.
When dentists go back to work, it is unclear whether patients will follow. While most states have given dental practices permission to reopen, patient volume remains half the pre-pandemic level.
This suggests that orders at home have not only caused patients to cancel appointments. Some may have lost the dental insurance they used to work with. Others may fear getting the virus. You may feel more secure if you postpone the precaution that has been waiting for months. Or they question the overall value of regular cleaning.
Dentists understand why entering their offices, even with the extra protective equipment they have invested in, may not be attractive.
"You have to have someone right in your face," said Jason Bastida, who mainly practices in Elmhurst, a neighborhood in Queens that has been hard hit by the corona virus. "I'm allowed to wear an N95 mask, but you have to make yourself vulnerable by removing your mask."
Updated June 5, 2020
Is there an asymptomatic transmission of Covid-19?
So far, the evidence seems to show that this is the case. A commonly cited paper published in April suggests that people are most contagious about two days before the onset of coronavirus symptoms, and estimates that 44 percent of new infections are due to transmission from people who have not yet had any symptoms. A top World Health Organization expert recently said that the transmission of coronavirus by people without symptoms is “very rare,” but she later retracted that statement.
How does the blood type affect the coronavirus?
A study by European scientists is the first to document a strong statistical link between genetic variations and Covid-19, the disease caused by the coronavirus. The presence of type A blood was associated with a 50 percent increase in the likelihood that a patient would receive oxygen or require a ventilator, the new study said.
How many people lost their jobs in the US due to a corona virus?
The unemployment rate fell to 13.3 percent in May, the Ministry of Labor announced on June 5. This was an unexpected improvement in the country's labor market as attitudes recovered faster than economists expected. Economists had forecast that the unemployment rate would rise to 20 percent after hitting 14.7 percent in April. This was the highest since official statistics began since World War II. Instead, the unemployment rate fell and employers added 2.5 million jobs after more than 20 million jobs were lost in April.
Will protests trigger a second wave of corona virus?
Mass protests against police brutality, which have put thousands on the streets of cities across America, are causing new outbreaks of coronaviruses and causing political leaders, doctors and public health experts to warn that the crowd could cause an increase in certain cases . While affirming the right of the demonstrators to express themselves, many political leaders urged the demonstrators to wear face masks and social distance to protect themselves and prevent the spread of the virus in the community. Some infectious disease experts were reassured that the protests were taking place outdoors, saying that the open-air settings could reduce the risk of transmission.
How do we start exercising again without injuring ourselves after months of being blocked?
Sports researchers and doctors have some clear advice for those of us who want to do sports regularly again: Start slowly and then speed up your workout, even slowly. American adults tend to be 12 percent less active in March than when they started to stay at home in March. However, there are steps you can take to safely return to normal exercise. First, "Start with no more than 50 percent of the exercise you did before Covid," says Dr. Monica Rho, chief physician for musculoskeletal medicine at the Shirley Ryan AbilityLab in Chicago. Also thread some prep squats, she advises. "If you haven't exercised, you will lose muscle." After these preliminary sessions after the lockdown, expect some muscle tension, especially a day or two later. But sudden or increasing pain during exercise is a clear call to stop and return home.
My state is opening again. Is it safe to go out?
States are reopening bit by bit. This means that more public spaces are available and more and more companies are allowed to reopen. The federal government largely leaves the decision to the states, and some heads of state leave the decision to the local authorities. Even if you are not asked to stay at home, it is still a good idea to limit trips outside and your interaction with other people.
What is the risk of catching coronavirus from a surface?
Touching contaminated objects and then infecting them with the germs is usually not a spread of the virus. But it can happen. A number of studies on flu, rhinovirus, coronavirus, and other microbes have shown that respiratory diseases, including the new coronavirus, can spread by touching contaminated surfaces, especially in daycare, offices, and hospitals. However, a long chain of events must occur for the disease to spread in this way. The best way to protect yourself against corona viruses – whether on the surface or in close human contact – is still social distancing, washing hands, not touching the face and wearing masks.
What are the symptoms of coronavirus?
Common symptoms include fever, dry cough, fatigue and difficulty breathing or difficulty breathing. Some of these symptoms overlap with those of the flu, making detection more difficult, but runny noses and blocked sinuses are less common. The C.D.C. has also added chills, muscle aches, sore throats, headaches, and a new loss of taste or smell as symptoms to watch out for. Most people get sick five to seven days after exposure, but symptoms can appear as early as two or 14 days.
How can I protect myself while flying?
If air travel is inevitable, there are a few things you can do to protect yourself. Most importantly, wash your hands frequently and stop touching your face. If possible, choose a window seat. A study by Emory University found that during the flu season, the safest place to sit on a plane is a window, since people sitting in window seats had less contact with potentially sick people. Disinfect hard surfaces. When you arrive at your seat and your hands are clean, clean the hard surfaces of your seat with disinfectant wipes such as head and armrests, seat belt buckles, remote control, screen, seat back pocket and storage table. If the seat is hard and not porous or made of leather or leather, you can also wipe it. (Using cloths on upholstered seats can cause the seat to get wet and germs to spread instead of killing them.)
Should I wear a mask?
The C.D.C. has recommended that all Americans wear cloth masks when going out in public. This is a shift in federal guidelines that reflects new concerns that the coronavirus is spread by infected people without symptoms. So far, the C.D.C. like the W.H.O. advised that normal people do not have to wear masks unless they are sick and cough. One reason for this was the storage of medical masks for healthcare workers who they urgently need at a time when they are in short supply. Masks do not replace hand washing and social distancing.
What should I do if I feel sick?
If you have been exposed to the coronavirus or think you have a fever or have a fever or symptoms such as coughing or difficulty breathing, call a doctor. They should give you advice on whether you should be tested, how you should be tested, and how to seek medical treatment without infecting or exposing others.
He returned to work last week and has about a quarter of his regular patient volume. He completed dentistry training in 2017 and is concerned about how to pay back his $ 330,000 in outstanding student debt if the number of cases does not increase soon.
Even after last month's employment growth, the dental industry still has 289,000 fewer workers than before the pandemic. This suggests to Ms. Stevenson, the economist, that industry – and the rest of the American economy – is far from recovering.
"The fact that employment in dentistry has declined by 30 percent shows that there is a loss of income and fear," she said. “We may not see retail store employment return to last year's level. But we should see dental work return to where it was. "
Employment in the dental industry – and in the rest of the economy – is likely to remain restricted by other areas of the economy that do not reopen as quickly. This applies in particular to day care centers and schools, many of which will not be fully reopened in autumn.
Abi Adeyeye, a 31-year-old pediatric dentist in Plano, Texas, was one of those who returned to work in May. In the past five weeks, she was thrilled to see patient volume return to pre-coronavirus levels.
"Before the corona virus, I had a cancellation rate of around 30 percent," she said. "Now nobody cancels anymore. It seems like people want to leave the house and need to do something. "
Even with a full patient plan, her office is not busy. She used to have six dental assistants, but only four came back to work. One was pregnant and you couldn't get childcare.
At the same time, the work of dentistry has become increasingly difficult. Dr. Adeyeye now wears an N95 respirator, surgical mask, face mask and surgical cap.
"I had this massive migraine for the first two weeks," she said. "Not only am I hot, I also can't breathe." She is slowly adapting to the new dentistry: "My headache has decreased once a week."