Even so, employers may need to be careful about how they handle the process.
Pre-screening vaccination issues could pose an A.D.A. Provision on disability related inquiries. According to the guidelines, employers who administer vaccines must demonstrate that pre-screening questions are “job-related and consistent with business need”.
Answers to your vaccine questions
With a coronavirus vaccine spreading out of the US, here are answers to some questions you may be wondering about:
- If I live in the US, when can I get the vaccine? While the exact order of vaccine recipients may vary from state to state, most doctors and residents of long-term care facilities will come first. If you want to understand how this decision is made, this article will help.
- When can I get back to normal life after the vaccination? Life will only get back to normal once society as a whole receives adequate protection against the coronavirus. Once countries approve a vaccine, they can only vaccinate a few percent of their citizens in the first few months. The unvaccinated majority remain susceptible to infection. A growing number of coronavirus vaccines show robust protection against disease. However, it is also possible for people to spread the virus without knowing they are infected because they have mild or no symptoms. Scientists don't yet know whether the vaccines will also block the transmission of the coronavirus. Even vaccinated people have to wear masks for the time being, avoid the crowds indoors and so on. Once enough people are vaccinated, it becomes very difficult for the coronavirus to find people at risk to become infected. Depending on how quickly we as a society achieve this goal, life could approach a normal state in autumn 2021.
- Do I still have to wear a mask after the vaccination? Yeah, but not forever. Here's why. The coronavirus vaccines are injected deep into the muscles and stimulate the immune system to produce antibodies. This seems to be sufficient protection to prevent the vaccinated person from getting sick. However, it is unclear whether the virus can bloom and sneeze or exhale in the nose to infect others, even if antibodies have been mobilized elsewhere in the body to prevent the vaccinated person from getting sick. The vaccine clinical trials were designed to determine if people who were vaccinated are protected from disease – not to find out if they can still spread the coronavirus. Based on studies of flu vaccines and even patients infected with Covid-19, researchers have reason to hope that vaccinated people won't spread the virus, but more research is needed. In the meantime, everyone – including those who have been vaccinated – must imagine themselves as possible silent shakers and continue to wear a mask. Read more here.
- Will it hurt What are the side effects? The vaccine against Pfizer and BioNTech, like other typical vaccines, is delivered as a shot in the arm. The injection in your arm feels no different than any other vaccine, but the rate of short-lived side effects seems to be higher than with the flu shot. Tens of thousands of people have already received the vaccines, and none of them have reported serious health problems. The side effects, which can be similar to symptoms of Covid-19, last about a day and are more likely to occur after the second dose. Early reports from vaccine trials suggest that some people may need to take a day off because they feel lousy after receiving the second dose. In the Pfizer study, around half developed fatigue. Other side effects occurred in at least 25 to 33 percent of patients, sometimes more, including headache, chills, and muscle pain. While these experiences are not pleasant, they are a good sign that your own immune system is having a strong response to the vaccine that provides lasting immunity.
- Will mRNA vaccines change my genes? No. Moderna and Pfizer vaccines use a genetic molecule to boost the immune system. This molecule, known as mRNA, is eventually destroyed by the body. The mRNA is packaged in an oily bubble that can fuse with a cell, allowing the molecule to slide inside. The cell uses the mRNA to make proteins from the coronavirus that can stimulate the immune system. At any given moment, each of our cells can contain hundreds of thousands of mRNA molecules that they produce to make their own proteins. As soon as these proteins are made, our cells use special enzymes to break down the mRNA. The mRNA molecules that our cells make can only survive a few minutes. The mRNA in vaccines is engineered to withstand the cell's enzymes a little longer, so the cells can make extra viral proteins and trigger a stronger immune response. However, the mRNA can hold for a few days at most before it is destroyed.
The instruction takes place in the midst of the skepticism about the vaccinations among large parts of the public. A recent survey of about 2,000 New York firefighters found that, according to CNN, nearly 55 percent said they would not get a vaccine if offered by their department.
According to a poll by Pew Research, only 42 percent of black Americans say they have been vaccinated. And 58 percent of Americans said they were receiving a total of one Covid-19 vaccine, according to a November Gallup Panel poll.
Suspicions about vaccinations are also being fueled by political commentators and groups.
On his Fox News Show this week, Tucker Carlson shared the stories of a small number of Americans who have had side effects from Pfizer's vaccine. And extremism experts have warned that groups that have protested election results and Covid-19 bans in the United States are now turning their attention to the anti-vaccine movement.
The introduction of a vaccine and urgent logistical questions about its spread signal that the end of the pandemic is in sight, but the virus is also deadlier than ever. The US reports more than 3,000 deaths per day for the first time this month.
As the federal and state governments prepare for extensive vaccination efforts, the Trump administration's message about the pandemic remains mixed up.
Vice President Mike Pence hosted a Christmas party a few days ago at his residence, at which the guests, according to the participants, posed for pictures without a mask. But on Friday morning, Mr Pence received his first vaccine shot on live television. He was joined by his wife, Karen Pence, and surgeon-general Jerome Adams.