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U.S. Cases Reach New Record

As the science of mask effectiveness increases, so does the US mandate debate.

With the number of cases increasing in many countries, particularly in the West and South, the debate over mask mandates continues, although evidence of their benefits has increased significantly in recent months.

President Trump, who first wore a mask in public on July 11, admitted in an Fox News interview with Chris Wallace on Sunday that he believed in masks, but also said that he would not support a nationwide mask mandate: I. leave it to the governors. "

The White House's consistent message that localized virus restrictions are in place has created a patchwork of guidelines. More than half of the states have issued mask requirements, but given that many Americans believe that mask commands affect individual freedom, some governors are holding out.

The topic dominated the talk shows on Sunday.

  • Dr. Francis CollinsThe director of the National Institutes for Health described the politicization of facial coverings as "bizarre" in an interview in the NBC's "Meet the Press" program. "Our best chance is that we all get together and do the right thing and stop arguing so much about the gap between different political perspectives that is in the way," said Dr. Collins.

  • Governor Jared Polis of Colorado defended its decision to issue a nationwide mask mandate that came into effect on Friday. There have been new cases for a month that are approaching numbers during the height of the Colorado crisis in April, although the deaths are still far fewer. Mr. Polis, a Democrat, said in ABC's "This Week" program that it was "a really easy decision" after seeing data that indicated that local mask orders were lowercase in his state.

  • Governor Tate Reeves Mississippi said that although cases and hospitalizations skyrocketed, he would not enact a nationwide mask order. "If I thought this was the best way to save lives in my state, I would have done so a long time ago," said Republican Reeves in the State of the Union's CNN program. He said he preferred a "surgical approach" with precautions that vary from county to county.

  • In Georgia, Republican governor Brian Kemp has sued the democratic mayor of Atlanta. Keisha Lance Bottomsabout virus policies in Atlanta that include a mask order. In the CBS "Face the Nation" program, she called the lawsuit "a blame game".

  • On the ABC program "This Week" Governor Asa Hutchinson The Arkansas Republican said he would not support a national mandate despite having passed a government regulation on Thursday. He said he waited because a mask mandate was "not popular" in his state. According to a New York Times database, Arkansas averaged more than 660 cases daily, which is close to the state's highest.

  • Governor Mike DeWine The Ohio Republican said on "Meet the Press" that his state was "going in the wrong direction" and that he would not rule out a mask order. While the daily values ​​for new cases in Ohio averaged 400 a month ago, they peaked on Friday with 1,679 cases.

  • Representative Donna E. Shalala Florida, a Democrat who used to be the country's longest serving Minister of Health and Human Services, urged her state's Republican governor, Ron DeSantis, to issue mask and residence orders. State health officials reported more than 10,000 new cases on Sunday for the fifth time in a row. "We have to close in Florida," said Ms. Shalala on "This week." "We asked the governor to do it. We even asked him to do the simplest thing: to need masks for everyone."

President Trump called Dr. Anthony S. Fauci, the country's best infectious disease expert, an "alarmist" who provided incorrect information in the early days of the coronavirus pandemic.

His comments in an Fox News interview that aired on Sunday were the recent White House public criticism that appeared to be making a coordinated effort to persuade Dr. Discredit Fauci in the President's files and tweets. Administrative officials deny this.

"I don't know he's a leak," Trump said during an interview with Chris Wallace. "He's a bit alarming. It's okay. A little alarming."

Mr. Trump said Dr. Fauci was against his decision to close the borders for travelers from China in January. This is not true: while Dr. Fauci initially opposed the idea that a ban would prevent healthcare professionals from traveling to hard-hit areas, supporting the decision at the time of their decision.

Mr. Trump also said that Dr. Fauci was against Americans wearing masks. Dr. Fauci said that he did not regret not prompting Americans not to wear masks in the early days of the pandemic, referring to a serious lack of protective equipment for medical professionals.

Dr. Francis Collins, director of the National Institutes of Health, was asked in the NBC's Meet the Press program if anyone in the White House asked him to Dr. Downgrading or dismissing Fauci, whose agency is under the supervision of Dr. Collins stands. "Nobody asked me to, and I find this concept unimaginable," said Dr. Collins.

In the one-hour interview about Fox, Mr Trump, whose government had made major mistakes in dealing with the virus earlier this year, made several false claims about the government's response to the pandemic.

  • Mr. Trump incorrectly claimed that the rate of coronavirus in other countries was lower than in the United States because these nations had not performed tests. When Mr Wallace pointed out the lower fall rate across the European Union, the President replied: "It is possible that they will not test." When Mr. Wallace referred to the rising mortality rate in the United States, Mr. Trump replied: "It's all too much. It shouldn't be a case. It came from China. You should never have let it escape."

  • Mr. Trump said he doubted Dr. Robert R. Redfield, director of the C.D.C., rightly predicted that the pandemic would worsen this fall. "I don't know," said Mr. Trump. "And I don't think he knows."

  • He said that public health experts and the World Health Organization had "done a lot wrong" in the early days of the pandemic, including a theory that the virus would wane with the warming of the weather, and then repeated his earlier claim, made by science not supported The virus would suddenly stop one day. "It will go away and I will be right," said Mr. Trump. "Because I was probably more right than anyone else."

  • Mr. Trump threatened to pull federal funds out of schools if they didn't open soon. When Mr. Wallace pointed out that only a small portion of the federal government's funds are used for schools – and mainly used to support disadvantaged and disabled children – the president replied, "Let the schools open."

Mr Biden, who criticized Mr Trump's handling of the outbreak, said in a statement on Sunday: "In the middle of a pandemic that continues to worsen on his watch, President Trump is trying to keep money out of the public health measures that we know of that they protect us and our families. In the same interview, he even attacked the value of testing again and continued a terrible series of months. "

"Mr. President, your ignorance is not a virtue or a sign of your strength," said Biden. "It undermines our response to this unprecedented crisis at every turn and costs the Americans their jobs and their lives."

As demand for coronavirus testing increases across the country, labs that process samples have residues that keep anxious patients waiting for their results for days – and sometimes a week or more.

Dr. Francis Collins, director of the National Institutes of Health, recognized the dangers associated with such delays in an interview on the NBC's Meet the Press program.

"The average test delay is too long," said Dr. Collins. "It really undermines the value of the tests because you run the tests to find out who carries the virus and then quickly isolate them so they don't spread it." And it is very difficult to get this going if a long delay is built in. "

In the CBS program "Face the Nation", Dr. Scott Gottlieb, former Commissioner for the Food and Drug Administration, said that "if the tests are delayed by more than 48 hours, they won't be very useful."

The longer it takes people to determine if they're infected, Dr. Gottlieb, the more difficult it will be to curb the spread of diseases and reduce the number of new cases.

In order to shorten throughput times, health authorities are urging Dr. Collins for further on-site testing – on-site testing that can be performed quickly and easily without the need for special laboratory equipment or highly qualified personnel.

Some of these tests could be done in a doctor's office or even at home in less than an hour. Simple, quick tests could be a blessing for institutions and communities that care for a large number of vulnerable people, such as nursing homes. A handful of point-of-care tests have been carried out by the F.D.A.

"We have to invest a lot of money and the government is ready to do it to increase it," said Dr. Collins. "I do this personally, along with many others in other parts of the government, day and night, to try to do a better job."

According to a Times visual survey, several Chinese companies use Uyghur workers to make masks.

While companies across China are rapidly making personal protective equipment during the pandemic, a visual inspection by the New York Times has shown that some of them employ Uyghur workers as part of a controversial, government-sponsored program that experts say is common against people work their will.

Uyghurs are a largely Muslim ethnic minority, mainly from the Xinjiang region in northwest China. The government is promoting the labor transfer program that Uyghurs and other ethnic minorities in factories and services occupies to reduce poverty, but quotas for the number of workers enrolled in the work program and the penalties for those who refuse to work together mean that participation is often forced.

Well, this work is part of the P.P.E. Supply chain.

According to the Chinese National Medical Products Administration, only four companies in Xinjiang made protective equipment for medical use before the pandemic. As of June 30, it was 51. After reviewing state media reports and public records, The Times found that at least 17 of these companies were participating in the work transfer program.

The companies make devices mainly for home use, but The Times identified several other companies outside of Xinjiang that employ Uyghur workers and export them worldwide. We tracked a delivery of face masks from a factory in Hubei Province, China, to which more than 100 Uyghur workers had been sent, to a medical supply company in Georgia. Workers need to learn Mandarin and commit to raising the flag of China at weekly ceremonies.

Check out the full visual exam in the video above.

Some Republican governors are frustrated with the inactivity of the White House and are starting to go their own way.

In despair over President Trump's failure to contain the pandemic and his refusal to promote clear public health guidelines, prominent Republican figures have broken with the White House in recent days about how to respond to the virus .

Some who conclude that the president may never play a constructive role in dealing with the crisis have decided that they must work around him and ignore or even contradict his statements.

Republican leaders have dealt with Mr. Trump on issues such as the value of wearing a mask in public and following the advice of health professionals like Dr. Anthony S. Fauci, whom the President and some aides have exposed to caustic personal criticism.

They appear to be fueled by several overlapping forces, including deteriorating conditions in their states, the president's apparent indifference to the problem, and the approach to a presidential election in which Mr. Trump faces his alleged democratic challenger Joseph R. Biden Jr. , in the polls.

Republican governors are now issuing orders that run counter to Mr. Trump's demands. Some spoke on the phone late at night to exchange ideas and complaints. They were looking for partners in the administration, including Vice President Mike Pence, who, despite repeating Trump in public, is viewed by the governors as far more attentive to the disaster.

"The president was bored," said David Carney, an adviser to the governor of Texas, Greg Abbott, a Republican, about the pandemic. His boss instead directed his inquiries to Mr. Pence, whom he speaks two to three times a week, said Mr. Carney.

Los Angeles Mayor Eric Garcetti said the coronavirus had spread so widely in the city that a new home stay order had to be issued.

"We're on the verge of it," he said on Sunday's CNN State of the Union program.

He declined to talk more about the timing or scope of a new order, except to say, "We need to be operational and not a cleaver that just turns everything off."

He agreed that previous restrictions had been relaxed too quickly. "Mayors often have no control over what's reopening and what's not," he said. "It's either at the state or county level."

But he added: "It's not just about what's open and closed, it's also about what we do individually."

Los Angeles County has registered more than 153,000 cases so far, and the spread of the virus has accelerated in Southern California. "The cases have increased, but we also have the most aggressive tests," said the mayor. "We were the first city to offer tests to people without symptoms."

In other news across the country:

  • Congress leaders are puzzled over how to honor safely and appropriately Representative John Lewis of Georgia, an icon of the civil rights movement that passed away on Friday. Congress has honored more than 40 people by allowing their remains to be buried under the Capitol dome, and many believe that such an honor would be appropriate for Mr. Lewis. But the Capitol is closed to tourists, and those who are let in are encouraged to stay six feet apart.

  • The Department of Defense deployed Navy teams to support four medical centers in the south and southwest Texas As the virus increased there, Governor Greg Abbott of Texas announced on Sunday. The teams were sent to Harlingen, Del Rio, Eagle Pass and Rio Grande City. The state registered 71,779 new cases in the last week, which means a total burden of over 330,000 cases with almost 4,000 deaths.

  • Officials in Louisiana reported 3,116 new cases today, breaking the daily record of 2,728 new cases reported on April 2. The government did not provide an update yesterday, which is a likely explanation for today's surge.

  • The Canadian government said it would not allow this Toronto Blue Jays Staging home games. The team had hoped to be able to play at Rogers Center as of July 29, as part of Major League Baseball's plan to use all 30 of its teams' baseball stadiums for a shortened season of 60 games, with a number of precautions, including the fact that there are no fans in the stands. On Saturday, however, the Canadian immigration minister said that repeated cross-border trips by players and employees pose a health risk. The team will instead be playing their regular season home games in the United States, most likely at its AAA minor league member's stadium in Buffalo.

The Trump administration has declined to allocate billions of dollars to fund coronavirus testing and support federal health officials as the virus grows across the country, making efforts to agree on the next round of pandemic relief difficult.

Republican Senate officials had drawn up a proposal that would grant states $ 25 billion in grants for testing and contact tracking, about $ 10 billion in disease control and prevention centers, and about $ 15 billion The National Institutes of Health is said to award dollars to someone who is familiar with the preliminary plans. They had also proposed to donate $ 5.5 billion to the State Department and $ 20 billion to the Pentagon to combat the virus and possibly distribute a vaccine domestically and internationally.

Instead, in talks over the weekend, government officials urged zero testing and the best health authorities in the country and cut Pentagon funds to $ 5 billion, another person familiar with the discussions said . People asked for anonymity to disclose private details of the conversations that were first reported by the Washington Post.

The government's position is an additional complication to the negotiations between Democrats pushing for a more comprehensive relief law and Republicans who hope to launch a tighter virus virus opening offer earlier this week.

According to a New York Times database, more than 62,300 coronavirus cases and more than 770 new deaths were announced in the United States on Saturday. On Thursday, the country set a new record of 75,600, the eleventh time last month that the daily record was broken.

After nine months of waiting for the surgery, Ruth Fawcett's knee muscles disappeared, causing her joint to loosen and she could no longer walk without help.

"You have just stopped the operation for cases that you consider not life-threatening, and if you start again, you may have to prioritize the most urgent cases," she said, sighing deeply.

Ms. Fawcett, 82, a jewelry designer from northwestern County, Cumbria, is one of nearly four million people in England who are on the National Health Service's waiting list for routine hospital care.

With hospitals operating at a pandemic-reduced capacity, the waiting list, according to N.H.S. increase to 10 million people by the end of the year. Confederation representing hospitals and other health care providers, although the service rejects this estimate.

"They won't tell me where I am on the list or how urgently they think my case is important," said Ms. Fawcett. "I can barely run. My knee just wobbles and if I don't use my two walking sticks I'll fall. It’s very scary. "

In other news around the world:

  • The leader of Hong KongCarrie Lam said on Sunday that the city had registered more than 100 new cases in the past 24 hours, most since the pandemic broke out in late January. "The situation is very serious and there are no signs that it is coming under control," said Ms. Lam. Hong Kong hired unnecessary government services and asked most officials to work from home this week.

  • Turkey has suspended flights to Iran and Afghanistan In response to infections in these countries, the Department of Transportation said. Iranian President Hassan Rouhani said Saturday that around 25 million Iranians may have been infected with corona virus when Iran reintroduced restrictions in the capital and elsewhere. The number, from a report quoted by Mr. Rouhani in a television speech, was far higher than the official number for infections of 271,606 on Saturday.

  • Face coverings are needed in MelbourneAustralia's second largest city, officials said on Sunday when people leave the house, referring to the recent increase in cases. The request will take effect on Wednesday. Violations can result in a fine of $ 200 or approximately $ 140.

  • Chinese officials are fighting a growing outbreak in the far west Xinjiang region, the center of the country's comprehensive action against predominantly Muslim ethnic minorities. Since Thursday, 30 confirmed infections have been reported in the capital Urumqi, 13 of them on Sunday. There are another 41 asymptomatic infections.

  • European Union Heads of state and government held a third day of violent negotiations on Sunday, but there was no sign that an over 750 billion euro or $ 840 billion stimulus package deal was imminent. Most E.U. Countries are keen to advance the plan, but some, mainly from the wealthier north of Europe, refuse to make up for what they see as the failure of the Southern Europeans to adequately protect their economies.

When countries told people to stay at home to slow the spread of the virus, doctors in newborn intensive care units noticed something strange: premature births were sometimes drastically reduced.

It started with doctors in Denmark and Ireland. Any team that was unaware of the other's work found that premature births – especially the earliest and most dangerous cases – had decreased during the ban. When they shared their results, they heard similar individual reports from other countries.

They don't know what caused the drop in premature babies and can only speculate about what factors might have contributed to the blocking. Further research could help doctors, scientists, and expectant parents understand the causes of premature birth and ways to prevent them that were previously elusive.

Her studies have not yet been reviewed by experts and have only been published on preprint servers. In some cases, the changes were only a few missing babies per hospital. However, they were significant deviations from the norm, and some premature birth experts consider the research worthwhile for additional research.

"These results are convincing," said Dr. Denise Jamieson, obstetrician at the School of Medicine at Emory University in Atlanta.

According to the Centers for Control and Prevention of Diseases, premature babies, especially those who were born 32 weeks ago, are at higher risk of vision and hearing problems, cerebral palsy, and death.

How to have a better garden.

We all spend more time outdoors. Here are a few tips on how to make your tired garden, stairs, or balcony a real haven.

The coverage was written by Sarah Almukhtar, Luke Broadwater, Alexander Burns, Emily Cochrane, Melina Delkic, Maggie Haberman, Rebecca Halleck, Drew Jordan, Christoph Koettl, Jonathan Martin, Tiffany May, Raphael Minder, Elizabeth Preston, Roni Caryn Rabin and Natalie Reneau . Katie Rogers, Mitch Smith, Matina Stevis-Gridneff, Lucy Tompkins, Pranshu Verma, Haley Willis, Katherine Wu, Muyi Xiao, Ceylan Yeginsu and Karen Zraick.

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