Brazil has a million cases after reporting a total of more than 54,000 cases per day.
Brazil was the second country on Friday with a million coronavirus cases. An astonishing 54,771 cases have been recorded in the last 24 hours – an increase that the country's health ministry attributed, at least in part, to a delay in reporting from three countries. The United States has reported more than 2.2 million cases.
According to a New York Times database, more than 48,954 people died from Covid-19 in Brazil, second only to the total in the United States. If the trend lines continue, some epidemiologists expect the death toll in Brazil to outnumber the US by the end of July. Latin America has become an epicenter of the coronavirus pandemic in recent weeks, largely due to the increasing number of cases in Brazil.
About half of the increase on Friday was due to late reports in three states, including São Paulo.
The country's response to the crisis has been widely criticized at home and abroad. President Jair Bolsonaro dismissed the virus threat, sabotaged state-level quarantine, and urged Brazilians to continue working to keep the economy from collapsing.
In early June, the Brazilian government removed coronavirus cases and deaths from the Department of Health's website and, without evidence, claimed that government officials had reported excessive numbers to get more federal funding. The numbers were later brought back after a Supreme Court judge ordered the government to stop suppressing the data.
When the country hit a million cases, the government was distracted by other political crises. An employee of Mr. Bolsonaro's son, Senator Flávio Bolsonaro, was arrested on Thursday in connection with a corruption investigation. The president also had to fire his education minister on Thursday, who is under investigation for threats and insults against Supreme Court judges.
Hours before the new case numbers were released on Friday, the Department of Health presented a new plan with guidelines on how local officials could safely resume activities in cities and states. However, the plan was not coordinated with local officials.
As several states repeatedly posted record highs for new coronavirus cases this week, officials aimed to silence the alarm while doubling demands for greater vigilance, wearing masks, and social detachment.
Florida, one of the hardest hit states, reported 3,822 new cases on Friday, exceeding the previous day's record and bringing the total number of cases to nearly 90,000. A total of 3,104 people have died.
South Carolina also posted a record 1,081 new daily cases on Friday. It was the seventh time in eleven days that the state broke its one-day case record, and the state epidemiologist asked residents to wear masks and practice social distancing on Thursday.
"We understand that what we continue to ask everyone to do is not easy, and that many are tired of hearing the same warnings and taking the same daily precautions," said epidemiologist Dr. Linda Bell in a statement. "Every day we don't all do our part, we prolong the duration of illnesses, absenteeism, hospitalizations and deaths in our state."
Arizona also hit a new daily high, reporting 3,183 new coronavirus cases, breaking a previous day's record.
The recent spikes are due to US policymakers struggling to strike a precarious balance between reopening their troubled economies and containing future outbreaks.
Outbreaks have increased across much of the south and west this week. Officials in Oklahoma and California also reported their highest daily case numbers on Thursday. According to a New York Times database, Texas was the sixth state in the nation to exceed 100,000 cases. Cases there have doubled in the past month.
On Friday, Republican Governor Ron DeSantis of Florida tried to dispel concerns about the top in some cases. He attributed the increase to an increase in infections in people under 40 years of age, many of whom he emphasized were asymptomatic and less stressful for hospitals. Most deaths in the state were seen among residents aged 65 and over and focused on long-term care facilities, where DeSantis said the number of cases decreased.
He said an increase in tests across the state also contributed to the increase, although he warned that there was "erosion of social distancing among the younger population". "If you test more, you will find more," he said.
The Trump administration has made a misleading claim that the recent jumps are the result of more aggressive tests.
However, public health officials point out, among other things, the easing of restrictions in companies such as bars and restaurants and the lack of social distance among many beach visitors to explain the increase. Some companies in the state had to go back to work after workers' illnesses. Apple announced on Friday that eleven retail stores in four states – Florida, South Carolina, North Carolina and Arizona – were temporarily closed.
Eric Rosengren, president of the Federal Reserve Bank of Boston and influential policymaker within the central banking system, cited rising case numbers in South Carolina and Florida when he warned of the economic impact of the reopening of the states before the virus was under control.
Mr. Rosengren said that due to the continued spread of the virus "and the acceleration of new cases in many countries, I expect the economic recovery in the second half of the year will be less than expected at the beginning of the pandemic"
"A new and dangerous phase": W.H.O. issues an urgent warning as cases are increasing in 81 countries.
The World Health Organization issued a terrible warning on Friday that the coronavirus pandemic is accelerating, noting that Thursday was a record day for new cases – more than 150,000 worldwide.
"The world is in a new and dangerous phase," said Dr. Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus, the general director of the W.H.O. “Many people understandably are tired of being at home. The countries understandably strive to open up their societies and their economies. But the virus is still spreading quickly. It is still fatal and most people are still vulnerable. "
When the outbreak was defined early by a number of changing epicentres – including Wuhan, China; Iran; Northern Italy; Spain; and New York – it is now defined by its wide and growing scope. According to a Times database, 81 nations have seen growth in new cases in the past two weeks, while only 36 have seen a decline.
Dr. Tedros said that almost half of the new cases reported on Thursday came from America. Large numbers are also reported from Africa, South Asia and the Middle East.
Dr. Tedros asked people to keep their distance from others, to cover their noses and mouths with masks if necessary, and to wash their hands. He said nations must continue to find, isolate, test, and maintain anyone infected with the virus, and test and quarantine every contact. "We urge all countries to be extremely vigilant," he said.
But the risks multiply when nations start to reopen their economies.
In India, which initially blocked all 1.3 billion of its citizens and then also reopened with its public health system near the break point, officials reported a record number of new cases on Wednesday. And the virus is now spreading rapidly in nearby Pakistan and Bangladesh.
It took Africa almost 100 days to reach 100,000 cases, the W.H.O. has found but only 19 days to double that number. In South Africa, there are an average of a thousand new cases a day more than two weeks ago.
And some countries – including Israel, Sweden, and Costa Rica – where the number of cases seemed to be rejuvenating are watching them rise again. The health minister of Costa Rica said on Friday that the country would stop opening its economy due to the increase in the number of cases.
Face mask requirements are becoming increasingly controversial, and states and companies are taking different paths.
Scientists generally agree that wearing face masks can help curb the spread of the virus. For politicians and companies, however, the decision as to whether masks are required is becoming increasingly controversial. Some view the requirements as an essential security measure, while others call them a violation of personal freedom.
AMC Entertainment Holdings' managing director, Adam Aron, got a quick backlash on Thursday after saying that cinema-goers won't have to wear masks in the company's theaters when it reopens next month. He said AMC "did not want to be involved in political controversy".
"We thought it could be counterproductive if we forced people to wear masks if they firmly believed that it was not necessary," said Aron in an interview released on Thursday by Variety Magazine.
AMC returned Friday and said it had consulted with scientific advisors and would need masks in cinemas nationwide when it reopened on July 15.
"This announcement sparked a violent and immediate outcry from our customers, and the response indicates that we haven't gone far enough in using masks," the company said in a statement.
Alamo Drafthouse Cinema also said Friday that face masks would be required in its theaters.
Similar tensions are happening across the country, even though cases are increasing in several countries.
Governor Gavin Newsom of California, where there has been an increase, ordered people on Thursday to wear face masks in most public indoor and outdoor areas.
And Arizona Governor Doug Ducey, a Republican who gave in to increasing case numbers and local officials, allowed cities and counties to decide whether face masks should be mandatory. So far, the municipalities there have been prohibited from introducing more restrictive rules.
In Texas, a Dallas County executive issued an order for all residents over the age of 10 to wear face cover in public if social distancing that is effective immediately and continues until August 4 is not possible. Orders were extended to companies where employees and customers wear masks or face a fine of up to $ 500. Residents do not have to wear masks when exercising outdoors or pumping gas.
The order came after Texas reported more than 4,600 new cases on Friday and, according to a New York Times database, hit a new daily high for the second time in a row.
A French official confirms that a kiss will still be a kiss – in the film.
Rest assured, France's Minister of Culture says: The kiss was not banned from films.
Minister Franck Riester said on Friday when the film and television shootings in France were slowly resuming after months of being blocked, the actors were working to smooch again.
"Kissing has started again, if I may say so, on film sets," said Mr. Riester to RTL Radio, although he did not refer to certain films or actors. "Some artists have been tested, waited a bit and then made the kiss that is so important in the cinema."
Last month, the body that monitors health and hygiene conditions on French film sets issued a guide on how to keep the virus at bay, including measures for scenes that require physical intimacy.
This included adapting or rewriting the action, postponing the shooting, or asking the actors to get tested or measure their temperature regularly. Wearing masks was also recommended if the camera angles allow it.
The government has set up a € 50 million guarantee fund to help producers who are forced to cancel a shoot because of the corona virus. However, some fear that insurers will prevent the slightest deviation from the guidelines.
Marina Foïs, an actress, expressed her frustration on French television last week that "insurance companies will have an opinion on how we make a film," saying she would find it difficult to work with her co-stars while filming Follow guidelines on social distancing.
"If I want to do well, I have to give up something, I have to allow what will happen," she said to France 5.
Cinemas are one of the few shops that are still closed in France. They are due to open next week, but are only allowed to fill half of their seats with a gap between the spectators. Masks are recommended but not required, although individual theaters may set their own rules.
Anticipation of Trump's rally in Tulsa is growing, as are concerns about public health.
In front of an arena in Tulsa, Okla., People lined up in anticipation of President Trump's rally on Saturday, his first since the pandemic began. Health officials, however, were wary of the possibility that the event could spread the virus in a condition that increased in new cases.
A lawsuit from local residents and businesses to prevent Mr. Trump from holding the rally because of the risk of the virus spreading was rejected by the Oklahoma Supreme Court on Friday afternoon. The lawsuit had asked to postpone the event unless the BOK Center, the 19,000-seat arena where the rally was to take place, agreed to enforce certain social distancing guidelines.
The court ruled that such restrictions were not mandatory since Oklahoma's reopening plan, which came into force on June 1, allowed companies to use their own discretion when introducing social distancing measures.
At the same time, city officials lifted a three-day curfew after Mr Trump said on Twitter that he had spoken to the mayor, "who informed me that there will be no curfew for our many supporters tonight or tomorrow" – a mess face from the previous plans.
Local health officials have warned that the Trump rally has the potential to become a "super spreader" event. Tulsa's chief of police, Wendell Franklin, said this week that his department was "planning a mass of people that Tulsa probably never saw before".
White House spokesman Kayleigh McEnany said this week that participants would receive face masks, but using them would be optional. Mr. Trump has avoided masks in public, and Ms. McEnany said on Friday that she would not wear any at the rally.
The state has registered more than 9,700 confirmed cases. With around 245 cases per 100,000 inhabitants, the total per capita of the state is in the lower 20 percent of the country. The Oklahoma Ministry of Health reported 352 additional cases on Friday, the second highest daily number of new cases.
The only day with more new cases in the state was Thursday when 450 were reported. The third highest number, 259, came on Wednesday.
Travel 5,000 miles to say goodbye from a distance of two meters
Motoko Rich, head of The Times office in Tokyo, writes:
It's every foreign correspondent's nightmare: a family emergency when you're half a world away.
For me, the call came last month. My 76-year-old father was ill, not from Covid-19, but from complications from heart failure. There was nothing more his doctors could do and he went into hospice care.
I was in Tokyo. He and my mother were in California. Suddenly I was faced with questions that only apply to the pandemic – whether it would make sense to travel or whether I could forgive myself if I didn't. If I were to leave, I would not be sure that I could return to Japan because of a ban on entry for many foreigners, including Americans.
I knew that others in my situation hadn't made it to the bed of their dying loved ones, saying goodbye to nurse cell phones.
My father told me to stay seated and not want me to be stuck in California indefinitely when my two kids and my job as head of the Tokyo office for the New York Times were in Japan. My mother agreed, but I could hear her stress increasing on the phone. I am an only child, so nobody else was with her.
In the end I decided to go.
As New York City, once the center of the pandemic in the United States, prepared for the next phase of Monday's reopening, officials cautioned and begged restless residents to use their judgment to decide to take part in more parts of life to use.
Up to 300,000 employees are expected to return to work next week as office work, retail stores, outdoor restaurants, and various other industries in the city start up again with restrictions. Apple said this week that it would "reopen" 10 stores in the city "by arrangement" so customers can pick up groceries or do repairs.
The phase shift will be an important test for a dense city where people have already gathered outside of bars, parks and other public places.
At his daily press conference on Friday, Mayor Bill de Blasio asked exactly how much activity he would consider safe and made it up to the New Yorkers to make their own decisions.
"This is a very personal decision that people have to make, and I would tell anyone who feels cautious or uncomfortable, listen to it – and less is more, isn't it?" Mr. de Blasio said. "We go through phases – we feel comfortable."
A short time later, Governor Andrew M. Cuomo ended his run of more than 100 consecutive daily press conferences with an address from his office. After confirming that New York City would loosen further restrictions on Monday, he presented a montage of New Yorkers during the crisis that contained his own narrative.
During his speech, Mr. Cuomo warned that "Covid is not over yet" – 25 more deaths were reported across the country – and said more work was needed to curb this. However, he also adopted a thoughtful and solemn tone and referred to the persistently low virus infections, hospital stays and deaths.
"I'm incredibly proud of what we've all done together and as a community," said Cuomo. "We have reopened the economy and saved lives."
Here's what else happens in the US:
An investigation by the Navy showed that the two top officers on board the aircraft carrier Theodore Roosevelt had made poor decisions in response to the outbreak of the virus on board the warship. Based on the results, Captain Brett E. Crozier will not take command of the virus-infested ship and its boss on board, Rear. Adm. Stuart P. Baker will put a promotion to two-star admiral on hold. There will be no further punishment against Captain Crozier.
The virus kills by filling the lungs with fluid and removing oxygen from the body. The Biomedical Advanced Research and Development Authority, a federal health agency called BARDA, informed companies and researchers this month End of funding for new treatments for this severe form of Covid-19, the disease caused by the virus.
in the WashingtonThe mayor said some restrictions in the country's capital would subside on Monday, allowing gatherings of up to 50 people, limited indoor restaurants, and the reopening of playgrounds and fitness centers.
in the New Jersey, Residents of nursing homes and other long-term care facilities can see visitors from June 21, state officials said. As of Friday, more than 6,150 deaths were reported in long-term care facilities, almost half of the total number of deaths in the state. The death toll increased by 37 nationwide.
Shipping line The Cruise Lines International Association will not sail from U.S. ports until September 15 after its members have agreed to extend a suspension that should expire on July 24.
Two major league baseball clubs, the Philadelphia Phillies and the Toronto Blue Jays, and a professional hockey team, the Tampa Bay Lightning, have closed their training facilities in Florida This week after several players and staff tested positive and showed other symptoms that match the virus.
Italian scientists said on Friday that they had found traces of the virus in wastewater samples collected in December, further suggesting that the virus was circulating in the country months before the outbreak in late February.
Researchers at the Italian National Health Institute discovered the presence of the virus' RNA in samples taken in the northern cities of Milan and Turin on December 18, more than two months before the country's first case was diagnosed on February 20, also found in samples from the city of Bologna, about 200 kilometers south of Milan, on January 29.
"We have shown that the virus is already in circulation," said Lucia Bonadonna, an institute official. "Probably in asymptomatic or less symptomatic form before we had our first local case."
While the new findings shift the virus timeline earlier in Europe, they do not significantly change the well-known timeline of the pandemic. Chinese officials reported the Wuhan outbreak on December 31, but later followed up on cases that occurred on December 1.
Italian scientists and officials have long suspected that the virus had gone undetected in the northern region of Lombardy, an economic center that frequently trades with China, at least weeks before the onset of the infection.
Similar evidence has recently surfaced around the world, suggesting that by the time the outbreak became known to the authorities, the virus was already more widespread than originally thought.
In France, a sample taken from a patient on December 27 was tested positive last month. And in California, health officials discovered a virus-related death on February 6, weeks before the earliest recorded case of transmission by the US community.
In other news from around the world:
Prime Minister Shinzo Abe of Japan lifted a virus-related ban on domestic travel. Mr. Abe's government is also in talks to ease international travel bans for passengers from Australia, New Zealand, Thailand and Vietnam.
Great Britain The alert level for Covid-19 has been reduced from four to three. At level 3 it is assumed that the virus remains "in the general cycle". However, the change paves the way for a gradual relaxation of social distancing measures.
Spain has updated the death toll from the virus for the first time in almost two weeks. The country's health ministry said 28,313 people had died, compared with 27,136 on June 7. Officials said the interim was used to ensure that all deaths from Covid-19 were properly recorded. In the past month, the ministry abruptly reduced its number by about 2,000, citing test uncertainties.
South Korea Another 67 cases were reported as a second wave of infections spread further in the Seoul metropolitan area.
in the CanadaA doctor who has traveled across a provincial border has been accused of causing a coronavirus outbreak. The backlash against him has sparked debate over how collective responsibility and individual freedom can be reconciled during a pandemic.
Some elite athletes have been stranded overseas as events in the U.S. resume.
England's best golfer, Tommy Fleetwood, was ranked 10th in the world when the PGA tour ended its schedule in March. But when the tour game resumed last week, he was on the wrong side of the Atlantic.
In a hurry to return, the tour, which has global membership, set things up so that any non-US player was practically out of bounds. Fleetwood in northwestern England faced many dangers, including two-way quarantine, the ability to intercept the virus on a fellow traveler on a transatlantic flight, and a months-long separation from his wife Clare. her 2 year old son Franklin; and his stepsons Oscar (13) and Mo (12).
"If I lived in America," said Fleetwood, "I would play now."
Golf is not the only sport that has progressed without the full support of its competitive membership. This week's decision by the United States Tennis Association to hold its marquee event, the United States Open, in New York at the end of the summer was sharply criticized by Australian player Nick Kyrgios. On Twitter, Kyrgios described the move as "selfish" and wrote, "Of course, people living in the US are pushing the Open to keep going."
Older adults can be excluded from some clinical trials for a vaccine or treatment.
Health experts fear that in the race for medicines and vaccines, a significant proportion of the studies may intentionally or accidentally exclude older subjects, even if 80 percent of American deaths occurred in people over 65 years of age.
"In a year when these studies are published, I don't want to see nobody over 75 in them," said Dr. Sharon K. Inouye, geriatrician at Harvard Medical School and Hebrew SeniorLife. "If you develop a drug that works really well for healthy 50- and 60-year-olds, you missed the boat."
She and her team reviewed 241 Covid-19 interventional trials that were conducted in the United States and are listed on clinicaltrials.gov, a website maintained by a division of the National Institutes of Health.
They found that 37 of these studies, which tested drugs, vaccines, and devices, set certain age limits and did not enroll participants over 75, 80, or 85 years old. Some even excluded those over 65.
Another group of 27 studies did not set a maximum age, but used study designs that could still disqualify many older adults. Some excluded people with diseases that are common in the older population, such as high blood pressure or diabetes, even if the participants controlled the disease with medication. "Substitute for age exclusion," said Dr. Inouye.
There is a long history of older people being excluded from clinical trials, even if the diseases in question disproportionately affected this group.
"Ideally, patients participating in a randomized clinical trial reflect the demographics of the disease," said Dr. Mark Sloan, hematologist who led a Covid-19 drug trial at the Boston Medical Center, in an email. "Unfortunately, this is rarely the case."
Chinese scientists see a European connection to the Beijing outbreak, but the W.H.O. sees less.
A genetic analysis of the spread of the corona virus in Beijing shows that it has recent roots in Europe, scientists of the Chinese government have told the World Health Organization.
Dies ist ein starker Hinweis darauf, dass "die Krankheit wahrscheinlich irgendwann von außerhalb Pekings importiert wurde", obwohl nicht, dass Europa der Ursprung des neuen Ausbruchs war, sagte Dr. Michael Ryan, Exekutivdirektor des Programms für Gesundheitsnotdienste bei der WHO am Freitag.
Chinesische Forscher haben die Genomsequenz zur weiteren Analyse in Online-Datenbanken veröffentlicht, sagte Dr. Ryan.
Aktualisiert am 16. Juni 2020
Ich habe von einer Behandlung namens Dexamethason gehört. Funktioniert es?
Das Steroid Dexamethason ist laut britischen Wissenschaftlern die erste Behandlung, die nachweislich die Mortalität bei schwerkranken Patienten senkt. Das Medikament scheint Entzündungen durch das Immunsystem zu reduzieren und das Gewebe zu schützen. In der Studie reduzierte Dexamethason den Tod von Patienten mit Beatmungsgeräten um ein Drittel und den Tod von Patienten mit Sauerstoff um ein Fünftel.
Was ist bezahlter Pandemieurlaub?
Das Coronavirus-Nothilfepaket gewährt vielen amerikanischen Arbeitnehmern bezahlten Urlaub, wenn sie wegen des Virus eine Auszeit nehmen müssen. Es gibt qualifizierten Arbeitnehmern zwei Wochen bezahlten Krankenurlaub, wenn sie krank sind, unter Quarantäne stehen oder eine Diagnose oder vorbeugende Behandlung für Coronavirus suchen oder wenn sie sich um kranke Familienmitglieder kümmern. Personen, die sich um Kinder kümmern, deren Schulen geschlossen sind oder deren Kinderbetreuer wegen des Coronavirus nicht erreichbar sind, erhalten 12 Wochen bezahlten Urlaub. Es ist das erste Mal, dass die Vereinigten Staaten einen weit verbreiteten bezahlten Urlaub auf Bundesebene erhalten haben, einschließlich Menschen, die normalerweise keine solchen Leistungen erhalten, wie Teilzeit- und Gig-Economy-Mitarbeiter. Die Maßnahme schließt jedoch mindestens die Hälfte der Beschäftigten des privaten Sektors aus, einschließlich derjenigen der größten Arbeitgeber des Landes, und gibt kleinen Arbeitgebern einen erheblichen Spielraum, um den Urlaub zu verweigern.
Kommt es zu einer asymptomatischen Übertragung von Covid-19?
Bisher scheinen die Beweise zu zeigen, dass dies der Fall ist. Ein im April veröffentlichtes, häufig zitiertes Papier legt nahe, dass Menschen etwa zwei Tage vor dem Auftreten der Coronavirus-Symptome am ansteckendsten sind, und schätzt, dass 44 Prozent der Neuinfektionen auf die Übertragung von Menschen zurückzuführen sind, die noch keine Symptome zeigten. Kürzlich erklärte eine Top-Expertin der Weltgesundheitsorganisation, dass die Übertragung des Coronavirus durch Menschen ohne Symptome „sehr selten“ sei, aber sie ging diese Aussage später zurück.
Was ist das Risiko, Coronavirus von einer Oberfläche zu fangen?
Das Berühren kontaminierter Objekte und das anschließende Infizieren mit den Keimen ist normalerweise keine Ausbreitung des Virus. Aber es kann passieren. Eine Reihe von Studien zu Grippe, Rhinovirus, Coronavirus und anderen Mikroben hat gezeigt, dass sich Atemwegserkrankungen, einschließlich des neuen Coronavirus, durch Berühren kontaminierter Oberflächen ausbreiten können, insbesondere in Kindertagesstätten, Büros und Krankenhäusern. Es muss jedoch eine lange Kette von Ereignissen eintreten, damit sich die Krankheit auf diese Weise ausbreitet. Der beste Weg, sich vor Coronaviren zu schützen – sei es auf der Oberfläche oder in engem menschlichen Kontakt -, ist immer noch soziale Distanzierung, Händewaschen, Berührung des Gesichts und Tragen von Masken.
Wie beeinflusst die Blutgruppe das Coronavirus?
Eine Studie europäischer Wissenschaftler ist die erste, die einen starken statistischen Zusammenhang zwischen genetischen Variationen und Covid-19, der durch das Coronavirus verursachten Krankheit, dokumentiert. Das Vorhandensein von Blut vom Typ A war laut der neuen Studie mit einer 50-prozentigen Zunahme der Wahrscheinlichkeit verbunden, dass ein Patient Sauerstoff erhalten oder ein Beatmungsgerät benötigen würde.
Wie viele Menschen haben in den USA ihren Arbeitsplatz aufgrund eines Coronavirus verloren?
Die Arbeitslosenquote sank im Mai auf 13,3 Prozent, teilte das Arbeitsministerium am 5. Juni mit. Dies war eine unerwartete Verbesserung des Arbeitsmarktes des Landes, da sich die Einstellungen schneller erholten als von Ökonomen erwartet. Wirtschaftswissenschaftler hatten prognostiziert, dass die Arbeitslosenquote auf bis zu 20 Prozent steigen würde, nachdem sie im April 14,7 Prozent erreicht hatte. Dies war der höchste Wert seit Beginn der offiziellen Statistik seit dem Zweiten Weltkrieg. Stattdessen ging die Arbeitslosenquote zurück, und die Arbeitgeber fügten 2,5 Millionen Arbeitsplätze hinzu, nachdem im April mehr als 20 Millionen Arbeitsplätze verloren gegangen waren.
Werden Proteste eine zweite Viruswelle des Coronavirus auslösen?
Massenproteste gegen Polizeibrutalität, die Tausende von Menschen in Städten in ganz Amerika auf die Straße gebracht haben, lassen neue Coronavirus-Ausbrüche aufkommen und veranlassen politische Führer, Ärzte und Experten des öffentlichen Gesundheitswesens, zu warnen, dass die Menge in bestimmten Fällen einen Anstieg verursachen könnte. Während viele politische Führer das Recht der Demonstranten bekräftigten, sich auszudrücken, forderten sie die Demonstranten auf, Gesichtsmasken zu tragen und soziale Distanz zu wahren, um sich selbst zu schützen und die weitere Verbreitung des Virus in der Gemeinschaft zu verhindern. Einige Experten für Infektionskrankheiten waren beruhigt darüber, dass die Proteste im Freien stattfanden und sagten, dass die Open-Air-Einstellungen das Übertragungsrisiko verringern könnten.
Mein Staat öffnet sich wieder. Ist es sicher auszugehen?
Staaten öffnen sich Stück für Stück wieder. Dies bedeutet, dass mehr öffentliche Räume zur Verfügung stehen und immer mehr Unternehmen wieder öffnen dürfen. Die Bundesregierung überlässt die Entscheidung weitgehend den Staaten, und einige Staatsoberhäupter überlassen die Entscheidung den lokalen Behörden. Auch wenn Sie nicht aufgefordert werden, zu Hause zu bleiben, ist es dennoch eine gute Idee, Ausflüge nach draußen und Ihre Interaktion mit anderen Personen einzuschränken.
Was sind die Symptome von Coronavirus?
Häufige Symptome sind Fieber, trockener Husten, Müdigkeit und Atembeschwerden oder Atemnot. Einige dieser Symptome überschneiden sich mit denen der Grippe, was die Erkennung erschwert, aber laufende Nasen und verstopfte Nebenhöhlen sind seltener. Der C.D.C. hat auch Schüttelfrost, Muskelschmerzen, Halsschmerzen, Kopfschmerzen und einen neuen Verlust des Geschmacks- oder Geruchssinns als Symptome hinzugefügt, auf die man achten muss. Die meisten Menschen erkranken fünf bis sieben Tage nach der Exposition, aber die Symptome können bereits nach zwei oder 14 Tagen auftreten.
Wie kann ich mich beim Fliegen schützen?
Wenn Flugreisen unvermeidbar sind, können Sie einige Maßnahmen ergreifen, um sich zu schützen. Am wichtigsten: Waschen Sie Ihre Hände häufig und berühren Sie Ihr Gesicht nicht mehr. Wenn möglich, wählen Sie einen Fensterplatz. Eine Studie der Emory University ergab, dass während der Grippesaison der sicherste Platz zum Sitzen im Flugzeug ein Fenster ist, da Personen, die auf Fensterplätzen sitzen, weniger Kontakt zu potenziell kranken Personen hatten. Desinfizieren Sie harte Oberflächen. Wenn Sie an Ihrem Sitz angekommen sind und Ihre Hände sauber sind, reinigen Sie die harten Oberflächen Ihres Sitzes mit Desinfektionstüchern wie Kopf- und Armlehne, Sicherheitsgurtschnalle, Fernbedienung, Bildschirm, Sitzlehnentasche und Ablagetisch. Wenn der Sitz hart und nicht porös oder aus Leder oder Leder ist, können Sie ihn auch abwischen. (Die Verwendung von Tüchern auf gepolsterten Sitzen kann zu einem nassen Sitz und zur Ausbreitung von Keimen führen, anstatt sie abzutöten.)
Soll ich eine Maske tragen?
Der C.D.C. hat empfohlen, dass alle Amerikaner Stoffmasken tragen, wenn sie in der Öffentlichkeit ausgehen. Dies ist eine Verschiebung der Bundesrichtlinien, die neue Bedenken widerspiegelt, dass das Coronavirus von infizierten Personen ohne Symptome verbreitet wird. Bis jetzt hat der C.D.C. wie der W.H.O. geraten, dass normale Menschen keine Masken tragen müssen, es sei denn, sie sind krank und husten. Ein Grund dafür war die Aufbewahrung medizinischer Masken für Beschäftigte im Gesundheitswesen, die sie in einer Zeit, in der sie ständig knapp sind, dringend benötigen. Masken ersetzen nicht Händewaschen und soziale Distanzierung.
Was soll ich tun, wenn ich mich krank fühle?
Wenn Sie dem Coronavirus ausgesetzt waren oder glauben, dass Sie Fieber haben oder Fieber oder Symptome wie Husten oder Atembeschwerden haben, rufen Sie einen Arzt an. Sie sollten Ihnen Ratschläge geben, ob Sie getestet werden sollten, wie Sie getestet werden und wie Sie eine medizinische Behandlung suchen können, ohne andere zu infizieren oder zu exponieren.
Beamte haben versucht, den neuen Ausbruch in der chinesischen Hauptstadt zu erklären und einzudämmen, eine Ansammlung von mehr als 180 Infektionen auf dem riesigen Xinfadi-Großhandelsmarkt, die nach 56 Tagen ohne neue lokal übertragene Fälle aufgetreten sind.
Es gab keine Sperrung im Großhandel, aber die Schulen der Stadt wurden geschlossen und in risikoreichen Stadtteilen strenge Beschränkungen auferlegt. Am Donnerstag stellten sich Tausende von Restaurantangestellten in der Stadt auf, um sich testen zu lassen.
Reisende müssen nachweisen, dass ein negativer Nukleinsäuretest innerhalb von sieben Tagen nach dem Einsteigen in Flugzeuge oder Züge von Peking aus durchgeführt wurde. Laut Caixin, einer chinesischen Nachrichtenagentur, reicht die Warteliste in einigen Krankenhäusern bis in den September hinein.
Die Gesundheitsbehörden veröffentlichten auch neue Richtlinien, in denen die Öffentlichkeit aufgefordert wurde, eine „Spritzkontamination“ zu verhindern, indem rohes Fleisch oder Meeresfrüchte nicht direkt unter dem Wasserhahn gespült wurden.
Chinesische Beamte hatten ursprünglich auf importierten Lachs als mögliche Quelle des neuen Clusters hingewiesen, eine Idee, die einige chinesische Vorschläge zu Beginn der Pandemie widerspiegelte, dass das Virus selbst möglicherweise anderswo entstanden sei. Aber Dr. Ryan vom W.H.O. Es gab keine Anzeichen dafür, dass Fische das Virus in Peking übertragen hatten.
Ein führender chinesischer Epidemiologe stellte jedoch eine andere Art von Verbindung zu Meeresfrüchten her.
Wu Zunyou, Chefepidemiologe am chinesischen Zentrum für die Kontrolle und Prävention von Krankheiten, sagte Reportern am Donnerstag, dass die Anbieter von Meeresfrüchten auf dem Xinfadi-Markt die meisten Infektionen erlitten hätten und früher Symptome zeigten als diejenigen, die Rind- und Lammfleisch verkauften.
Er schlug vor, dass niedrige Temperaturen und hohe Luftfeuchtigkeit in den Bereichen Meeresfrüchte und Fleisch zur Ausbreitung des Virus beigetragen haben könnten, und schlug vor, dass Hinweise auf die Entstehung des Virus in der Nähe von Fisch- und Fleischständen gefunden werden könnten – sowohl für den Xinfadi-Markt als auch für den Markt in der Stadt Wuhan, wo der erste Ausbruch identifiziert wurde.
Ein Times-Reporter reflektiert Australiens "nicht ganz normal".
In der neuesten Ausgabe von The Australia Letter, einem wöchentlichen Newsletter unseres australischen Büros, erklärt unsere Reporterin Livia Albeck-Ripka, wie es ist, nach einem Ausbruch auf Zehenspitzen in die Welt hinauszugehen.
Anfang dieses Monats stand ich unter Tausenden von Menschen, als ich über einen Protest gegen Black Lives Matter in Melbourne berichtete und mich fragte, ob ich ihnen zu nahe war.
Eine Person in meiner Nähe war ohne Gesichtsbedeckung, eine andere schlurfte immer näher und eine dritte – ihre Operationsmaske unter ihr Kinn gezogen – schrie in meine Richtung. Das war vor 13 Tagen, einen Tag vor der Standard-Inkubationszeit für Coronaviren.
Aber mir geht es gut. Meiner Ansicht nach. Und vielleicht ist dieses seltsame und beunruhigende Gefühl genau das, wie sich diese Phase der Pandemie für uns alle anfühlt – nicht ganz panisch, nicht ganz normal.
Wir haben an einigen Stellen Verbesserungen bei dem Virus festgestellt, andere sind jedoch relativ unversehrt davongekommen, und niemand scheint uns genau sagen zu können, warum. Gleichzeitig verzeichnen Länder, in denen die Kurve der Pandemie abgeflacht war, einen Anstieg der Fallzahlen.
Der australische Bundesstaat Victoria, in dem sich mindestens drei Demonstranten mit dem Virus infiziert haben, verzeichnete am Mittwoch den größten Anstieg der Infektionen an einem Tag seit über einem Monat.
Was jetzt klar ist, ist, dass die Rückkehr zur Normalität Kosten verursacht und dass wir in einigen Fällen nur ein oder zwei Fehltritte von einem anderen Anstieg entfernt sind.
Wie viel Risiko sollten wir eingehen, wenn wir auf Zehenspitzen in die Welt hinausgehen?
Einige von uns gehen davon aus, dass es ihnen gut geht, wenn sie den Vorschriften folgen. Andere sind frustriert über die Unstimmigkeiten in den offiziellen Ratschlägen oder dass es gefährlich wäre, zum normalen Leben zurückzukehren, bevor ein Impfstoff verfügbar ist.
"Alles, was wir tun, ist Neuland", sagte Hassan Vally, Epidemiologe und Dozent für öffentliche Gesundheit an der La Trobe University in Melbourne.
"Was wir wissen", fügte er hinzu, "ist, dass wir als Gesellschaft nicht in völliger Blockade überleben können, bis wir einen Impfstoff bekommen: Wir müssen wieder normal werden."
Als ich nach dem jüngsten Protest nach Hause kam, entfernte ich vorsichtig meine Maske. Ich schrubbte meine Hände für 20 Sekunden. Ich habe meinen Pullover gewechselt. Ich habe mein Gesicht gewaschen. In dieser Nacht ging ich zum ersten Mal seit Wochen wieder mit Freunden essen. There were no masks to remind me of the pandemic.
After a beer, and laughing face-to-face with a group for the first time in weeks, it was even easier to forget. Since then, I’ve begun to feel my hypervigilance fade even further. I don’t wipe down my door handles as often, or my phone, and I’m still fine. For now.
The Trump Administration, after a backlash, will reveal information about loan recipients.
Bowing to political pressure, the Trump administration said on Friday evening that it would disclose information about recipients of millions of small-business loans through the $660 billion Paycheck Protection Program.
The administration had closely guarded the information and argued that it should not disclose the names of the private businesses that received the loans or the amount of money that they took from the federal government. The reversal came as Democrats had seized on the secrecy surrounding the program to suggest that the bailout was an example of the Trump administration engaging in corporate cronyism.
The new disclosures will apply to loans of more than $150,000. The information will be broken down into five loan ranges, up to the maximum amount of $10 million. The Small Business Administration will release business names, addresses, demographic data and jobs supported.
The Treasury Department, which jointly administers the loan program with the S.B.A., did not say when the new information would be made public, but some of the demographic data will be included in loan forgiveness applications, which might not be submitted for months.
A Navy inquiry faults the top two officers on the carrier Theodore Roosevelt for their handling of an outbreak.
A Navy investigation has concluded that the two top officers aboard the aircraft carrier Theodore Roosevelt made poor decisions in response to the outbreak of the virus on board the warship.
As a result of the findings, Capt. Brett E. Crozier, will not be restored to command of the virus-stricken ship, and his boss on board, Rear. Adm. Stuart P. Baker, will have a promotion to two-star admiral put on hold. There will be no other punitive action against Captain Crozier.
The conclusions of the investigation were announced by Navy Secretary Kenneth Braithwaite and Adm. Michael M. Gilday, the chief of naval operations, at a Pentagon news conference.
The decisions amounted to a reversal by Admiral Gilday, who had previously recommended to his Pentagon superiors that command of the Roosevelt be returned to Captain Crozier, who was relieved in April after he pleaded for more help fighting the outbreak aboard his ship.
The events surrounding Captain Crozier, who has been viewed as a hero by his crew for putting their lives above his career, seized the nation’s attention.
U.S. stocks falter as pandemic worries outpace hopes for the economy.
All week long, two competing narratives faced off on Wall Street.
Investors were encouraged by signs that business reopenings were having an immediate positive effect on the economy. But they were troubled by the growing number of coronavirus infections around the country.
The tug-of-war made for a turbulent week, and Friday was no exception. The S&P 500 fell 0.6 percent, after starting the day with a solid gain.
The reversal came after Apple said it would temporarily close some stores in states where cases are spiking. The number of new cases is increasing in at least 20 states, an analysis by The Times found.
Apple’s decision had an instant impact on the market: Shares of companies that are likely to benefit from a return to normalcy, like airlines and retailers, immediately gave up their gains. Oil prices also gave up their early gains.
The push and pull this week has come amid mixed reports on the economy. A Labor Department report on Thursday showed that another 1.5 million workers had filed for state unemployment benefits. The pace of layoffs has slowed in recent weeks but remains elevated. On Tuesday, the Commerce Department said that retail sales rebounded sharply in May, as stores reopened and governments lifted some restrictions. But there is growing uncertainty about the economic picture going forward.
Yet despite investors’ general unease, the S&P 500 was up nearly 2 percent for the week.
For small towns in the West, canceled rodeos are more than just forgone sports events.
Around the United States, but mostly in small towns in the West, hundreds of professional rodeos have been canceled — hard blows to tradition and economies. In many places, the rodeo is the biggest event on the annual calendar.
Stonyford, Calif., can feel like the middle of nowhere. But it could always count on a few crowded days every year during its annual rodeo, when the town’s population swells into the thousands.
Not this year. There was no 77th Stonyford Rodeo.
Some rodeos, like Stonyford, with $18,000 in prize money, are relatively small affairs. Others are immense undertakings filled with concerts, carnivals and livestock shows — and $1 million or more in payouts.
The Professional Rodeo Cowboys Association, the governing body of about 700 annual rodeos, estimates that about half will not take place in 2020. Those still on the schedule are working with fingers crossed, some moving dates to buy more time.
“Covid-19 has impacted the entire country, every business you can think of,” said George Taylor, chief executive of the association. “Our business is a representation of that, but also represents a loss of community — something that brings these small towns together.”
Rodeos hold a unique spot in the American sports landscape. They are not a league, but a loose coalition of community events, usually run by nonprofit organizations and volunteers.
In late May, when Gov. Mark Gordon of Wyoming tearfully announced the cancellation of July’s Cheyenne Frontier Days for the first time in the event’s 124-year history, he was surrounded by representatives of other canceled Wyoming rodeos. They were socially distanced, wearing masks and cowboy hats.
The virus kills by filling the lungs with fluid and robbing the body of oxygen, yet the Biomedical Advanced Research and Development Authority, a federal health agency known as BARDA, notified companies and researchers this month that it was halting funding for new treatments for this severe form of Covid-19, the disease caused by the virus.
The new policy highlights the Trump administration’s staunch support for a potential vaccine as the way to return American society and the economy to normal. BARDA has pledged more than $2.2 billion in deals with five vaccine manufacturers for the coronavirus, compared with about $359 million toward potential Covid-19 treatments.
The decision to suspend investment in lung treatments blindsided academic researchers and executives at small biotech companies, who said they spent months pitching their proposals to BARDA. The change in policy was posted without fanfare on a government website on June 3, and was not announced in a statement.
Some clinicians and bioethicists contend that BARDA should continue supporting research into treatments for lung conditions, while other experts contend the new policy is a sensible use of limited federal dollars.
About 95 percent of the patients hospitalized for Covid-19 at Northwell Health in New York, a system of 23 hospitals at the epicenter of the region’s epidemic this spring, have developed severe respiratory distress, said Dr. Mangala Narasimhan, the regional director of critical care medicine at Northwell.
“You’re going to need other forms of treatments for a lot of those people, and I feel like that’s where there’s going to be a gaping hole,” she said.
Three pro sports teams shut down facilities in Florida, amid worries over player safety.
Two Major League Baseball clubs, the Philadelphia Phillies and the Toronto Blue Jays, and a professional hockey team, the Tampa Bay Lightning, shut down their training facilities in Florida this week, after several players and staff members tested positive and others showed symptoms consistent with the virus.
The Phillies said in a statement Friday that five players and three staff members working at the club’s facility in Clearwater had tested positive for the virus, first reported by NBC. The club said eight staff members tested negative and more than 30 others were awaiting results.
The Blue Jays facility, in nearby Dunedin, was closed Thursday after one of the players appeared to exhibit Covid-19 symptoms, according to ESPN. And ESPN and the Canadian network TSN reported that the Lightning shut down a facility after multiple players and staff tested positive. Both the N.H.L. and M.L.B. are hoping to start up in late July.
Florida has become a hub for sports leagues trying to restart, but the state has seen a sharp rise in cases. The N.B.A., W.N.B.A., Major League Soccer and others are all attempting to hold their upcoming seasons there.
The shutdowns on Friday cast a shadow over the return of professional sports, which this week became a source of friction between Mr. Trump and Dr. Anthony S. Fauci, the nation’s top infectious disease expert.
Mr. Trump rebuked Dr. Fauci after Dr. Fauci said Thursday on CNN that the National Football League would need to replicate the kind of safety “bubble” planned by professional basketball and soccer leagues to safely resume play.
“Unless players are essentially in a bubble — insulated from the community and they are tested nearly every day — it would be very hard to see how football is able to be played this fall,” Dr. Fauci said.
Mr. Trump wrote on Twitter on Friday that “Tony Fauci has nothing to do with N.F.L. Football. They are planning a very safe and controlled opening.”
Reporting was contributed by Livia Albeck-Ripka, Manuela Andreoni, Maggie Astor, Brooks Barnes, Dan Bilefsky, Keith Bradsher, John Branch, Gillian R. Brassil, Aurelien Breeden, Emma Bubola, Chris Buckley, Nancy Coleman, Maria Cramer, Karen Crouse, Michael Crowley, Gillian Friedman, Thomas Gibbons-Neff, Jenny Gross, Mohammed Hadi, Rebecca Halleck, Annie Karni, Sarah Kliff, Jesse McKinley, Raphael Minder, Elian Peltier, Alan Rappaport, Motoko Rich, Eric Schmitt, Jeanna Smialek, Mitch Smith, Kaly Soto, Paula Span, Matt Stevens, Katie Thomas, Neil Vigdor, Daisuke Wakabayashi, David Waldstein and Mihir Zaveri.