One factor could be a high sense of community and church attendance within the black community, which were consistently associated with both lower and lower alcohol consumption. Another possible reason for lower alcohol consumption among Black Americans is a reasonable feeling that the possible disadvantages are more severe for them compared to other races and ethnic groups. African Americans are more likely to be monitored in their interactions with law enforcement and have negative consequences, as has been demonstrated over the past year and past.
"African Americans, especially men and lower-income people, are at greater risk of more social and legal consequences related to alcohol and other substance use," said Tamika Zapolski, associate professor of clinical psychology at Indiana University-Purdue University. Indianapolis. "They are more likely to have negative health complications and be arrested and convicted."
For example, one study found that black (and Hispanic) drinkers were 1.5 times more likely to report negative social consequences of drinking than their white non-Hispanic counterparts. These results support previous results of significant racial differences in alcohol-related outcomes. Some studies attribute this to increased police work in low-income black neighborhoods.
Native Americans have had the highest rates of alcohol-related deaths, which have increased since 2000. According to a JAMA study, Native American alcohol abuse can be traced back to "poverty, family history of alcohol use disorders, availability of alcohol at a younger age," and stress from historical trauma. The 2016 death rate was 113.2 per 100,000 for Native American men and 58.8 per 100,000 for Native American women.
For other groups per 100,000, the death rates were 4.4 and 1.0 for men and women from Asian-American and Pacific islanders; 13.8 and 4.6 for black men and women; 21.9 and 4.7 for Hispanic American men and women; and 18.2 and 7.6 for white men and women.
While the overall number of deaths among Americans from Asia has increased, trends in alcohol consumption tend to differ by national origin. Among the Asian-American and Pacific islander populations, US-born individuals have higher rates of alcohol abuse than their first-generation immigrant counterparts, which may be due to cultural assimilation, among other things.
The enculturation process may also have an impact on young Hispanic women, who are seeing increases in alcohol consumption and have the third highest rate of alcohol-related death among women after Native American and white women.