Some of the largest school districts are in counties with high infection rates.
As educational leaders in the United States decide whether to reopen classrooms in the fall, many are looking for a standard that has been commonly agreed among epidemiologists: To control the spread of the coronavirus in the community, the average daily infection rate among the people tested should not exceed 5 percent.
Of the country's 10 largest school districts, according to a New York Times analysis of city and county data, only New York City and Chicago have achieved this public health goal.
Some of the largest districts, such as Miami-Dade County in Florida and Clark County in Nevada, which includes Las Vegas, are in counties that have recently reported positive test rates that are more than four times higher than the 5 percent Threshold.
The alarming spread of the virus has prompted a growing number of districts to announce online instructions in the fall. The superintendent of the country's sixth largest district in Broward County, Florida, recommended full-time distance learning on Tuesday despite pressure from the governor and state president. This followed the announcement on Monday of California's two largest districts, Los Angeles and San Diego, to teach 100 percent online.
"I'm just super frustrated and really disappointed that our nation, states, and communities haven't exercised the discipline they need to control the coronavirus," said Robert W. Runcie, Broward's superintendent. "Now the future of our young people is collateral damage because we cannot take this seriously."
School districts are increasingly divided into three groups: those who only want to teach online, those that allow families to choose between personal or home tuition, and those that offer a hybrid approach, with students spending a few days in classrooms and some learn from afar.
Many large districts fall into the third category, although more switch to the first category because the virus continues to rage in their regions. In recent days, Nashville, Atlanta, Arlington, Virginia, and Oakland, California have also announced plans to start the school year remotely.
The 5 percent positive test rate was not specifically designed for schools, but has emerged as a metric that many districts take into account when planning.
The US economy is facing a tumultuous fall with closed schools, renewed state closures, empty stadiums, and uncertain government support for businesses and the unemployed, all hindering hopes of a rapid recovery from the recession.
For months, the prevailing wisdom among investors, Trump administration representatives, and many economic forecasters was that the country's economy would accelerate in late summer after the recession broke in spring and pick up again in autumn when the virus wore off.
Failure to suppress the resurgence of confirmed infections threatens to stifle the recovery and push the country back into a recession spiral – a spiral that could do long-term harm to workers and businesses unless Congress checks the level of federal aid required in the coming months.
The looming economic pain was evident on Tuesday as large companies forecast gloomy months. Delta Air Lines announced plans to cut plans for flights in August and beyond, noting the decline in consumer demand. The country's largest banks warned that they would set aside billions of dollars to cover expected losses as customers would not pay their mortgages and other loans in the coming months.
Some companies that have used small business loans to retain or reinstate workers are now starting to lay off workers as these resources run out while business activity remains depressed. Extended unemployment benefits, which studies show to support consumer spending in the spring and early summer, are expected to expire in late July, while more than 18 million Americans continue to claim unemployment.
"We have to assume that we will be banned again in the fall," said Karl Smith, vice president of federal politics at the conservative tax foundation in Washington.
Falling vaccination rates in children could pose a threat that is "larger than Covid-19 itself," said the W.H.O. warns.
Childhood vaccination rates continue to decline after the coronavirus, and the World Health Organization warned that missed vaccinations could be worse than Covid-19, the disease caused by the coronavirus.
"The preventable suffering and death caused by children who do not receive routine vaccinations could be far greater than Covid-19 itself," said Dr. Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus, director general of the W.H.O., in a statement.
Three quarters of the countries that responded to a new World Health Organization survey reported disruptions in vaccination programs through May.
The report, which was the second to show a decrease in vaccinations due to the pandemic, said that at least 30 measles vaccination campaigns were or are at risk of termination. Other vaccination programs that require three doses for diseases such as diphtheria, tetanus, and whooping cough have seen a significant decrease in the number of children vaccinated.
"Vaccines are one of the most powerful tools in public health history, and more children are vaccinated than ever before," said Dr. Tedros in the explanation. "But the pandemic has jeopardized these gains."
He added that vaccines can still be administered during the pandemic.
The study, conducted in collaboration with the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, the Sabin Vaccine Institute and the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, found that there are a variety of reasons why more parents choose theirs Do not have children vaccinated. Some are reluctant to leave the house, others face movement restrictions, transportation interruptions, economic difficulties, and fear of exposure to the coronavirus. It was also found that many health workers were hired to work on the pandemic, as well as a lack of protective equipment.
The Trump administration orders hospitals the C.D.C. with important virus data.
The Trump administration has ordered hospitals to bypass disease control and prevention centers and to send all coronavirus patient information to a central database in Washington on Wednesday – a move that has alarmed public health experts who fear that that the data will be distorted for political reasons.
The new instructions are contained in a little-noticed document released this week on the Ministry of Health and Human Services website. From now on H.H.S. and not the C.D.C. collect daily reports on the patients treated in each hospital, how many beds and ventilators are available, and other information that is critical to the pandemic.
Officials said the change should help simplify data collection and help the White House Coronavirus Task Force allocate scarce supplies such as personal protective equipment and the drug remdesivir.
Hospital officials want to streamline reporting and say this will relieve them of responding to requests from multiple federal agencies, although some say the C.D.C. – an agency that values its scientific independence – should be responsible for collecting the information.
"The C.D.C. is the right agency to be at the forefront of data collection," said Dr. Bala Hota, chief analytics officer at Rush University Medical Center in Chicago.
Public health experts have long expressed concerns that the administration politicizes science and that the C.D.C. undermines; Four of the agency's former directors, which included both the republican and democratic governments, said so in a statement released on Tuesday in the Washington Post. The postponement of data collection intensified these fears.
"Centralizing control of all data under an inherently political apparatus is dangerous and leads to suspicion," said Nicole Lurie, who served as former secretary for readiness and response under former President Barack Obama. "It seems that agencies like C.D.C. to do his basic work. "
The government in the Philippines has authorized the police to go door-to-door to search for people infected with the coronavirus. The move triggered a turmoil among human rights groups, which accused President Rodrigo Duterte's government of using repressive tactics on Wednesday.
As the number of infected people nears 60,000 across the country and the death toll has now exceeded 1,600, health officials are under enormous pressure from a public that is increasingly aware of Mr. Duterte's brutal anti-drug tactic, which has killed thousands are.
The plan, known as the "nursing strategy", enables police officers to accompany health workers in the search for people who may be asymptomatic or have mild symptoms.
The government said anyone who couldn't meet the home quarantine requirements – A room that has its own bathroom and does not live with older or pregnant people should be brought into a private facility.
"This move shows that the Duterte government continues to rely on police and militarist approaches to resolve a public health emergency," said Ephraim Cortez, secretary general of the National Union of People's Lawyers, a group that advises the poor.
Well-known Filipino human rights lawyer Chel Diokno said the government's strategy would continue to sow terror.
"Those with Covid are not police targets, they are medical patients," said Diokno. "You should be treated with dignity and care."
Frustration with the blockade exploded violently in April when frustrated and hungry people took to the streets for a spontaneous rally in a poor area in northern Manila asking for government help. The riot police reacted violently, violently dispersed the protest and sent 21 people to prison.
Mr. Duterte's spokesman Harry Roque compared Tuesday's private facilities for "paid vacation" patients.
"It's not like they're going to the gulag and jail," he said.
Tokyo raises its pandemic warning days after new cases hit record highs.
In response to a recent surge in new coronavirus cases in Japan's capital Tokyo, the city government raised its pandemic warning to "red" on Wednesday, the highest, although cautious behavior did not appear to change.
Tokyo posted two consecutive daily records last week, peaking at 243 cases on Friday. So far, the metropolis with 14 million inhabitants has reported a total of almost 8,200 cases and 325 deaths since February.
Officials had discussed whether Tokyo's alert should be raised as a large proportion of the new cases occurred in younger people with only mild symptoms, said Dr. Norio Ohmagari, director of infectious diseases at the National Center for Global Health and Medicine, told reporters.
In April, when Tokyo was put in a state of emergency, more elderly people were infected, and a higher proportion suffered from serious illness and required hospitalization and ventilators.
"This time is very different from the last wave," said Dr. Ohmagari. He said that while 40 percent of new cases occurred in people in their twenties, some infections have now been found in people in their sixties and seventies and in children under the age of 10.
Dr. Ohmagari said that apparently many people became infected after visiting nightlife, but that infections were also found in offices, restaurants, nursing homes, daycare centers, kindergartens, and several stations in Tokyo.
"We cannot deny that we have higher numbers," he said. "We have to say the infection is spreading."
However, the government has not taken any concrete measures to match the alert. Yuriko Koike, the governor of Tokyo, appealed to residents not to visit nightclubs or restaurants that "do not take enough measures to prevent infections," but did not mention that businesses like emergency should be closed.
Tokyo's move occurred when the Okinawa authorities reported another 36 infections at a U.S. naval base on the South Island, increasing the number of US base cases on the island to 136 since March.
Morgue trucks, triage testing: States are responding to an increasing number of deaths.
After weeks of declining coronavirus deaths, several countries with alarming increases are considering measures that may have seemed unlikely weeks ago. Economically more painful shutdowns. Chilled morgues. Symptomatic patients receive test priority.
More than 900 coronavirus deaths were announced in the U.S. on Tuesday, including one-day records in Alabama, Florida, and Utah.
In Florida, which recorded 132 coronavirus deaths daily, a group of mayors from Miami-Dade County, the center of the state crisis, warned Governor Ron DeSantis that time is running out to avoid another painful economic shutdown.
"We are under considerable pressure to close the company," Miami Mayor Francis Suarez told Mr DeSantis at an event in the city. "We have between one week and four weeks to deal with this problem, or we have to take some aggressive measures."
Mr. DeSantis, a Republican who wore a mask, especially when speaking in the house, tried to recognize how difficult the pandemic was for the Floridians and added that "people are concerned".
Since June 11, the day the Republican Convention was officially moved from North Carolina to Florida, the average number of cases reported daily in Florida has increased eightfold.
Republican officials are planning to move much of their national convention in Jacksonville from an indoor arena to an outdoor venue next month. It is still unclear how many people can attend the events, the people familiar with the discussions said on Tuesday.
In some states, officials have responded to the growing virus by putting refrigerated vehicles on standby to increase the morgue space. In Texas, where the death toll is rising sharply, officials said the trucks were being prepared because the morgues in the hospital were full.
In Arizona, two hospital systems in Maricopa County, including Phoenix, are planning to use refrigerated vehicles. The Mayor of Phoenix said the county morgue was almost full.
Preparations have just started, and the situation has not reached the urgency it had in New York City at the start of the pandemic, when the city set up 45 mobile morgues and crematoriums worked around the clock.
Infection rates are also increasing. Texas and California report one-day records of more than 10,000 cases on Tuesday. Missouri, Nevada and Oklahoma also kept one-day case records.
By Tuesday evening, more than 64,000 coronavirus cases had been announced in the United States, the second highest daily total number of pandemics.
In California, where the number of new coronavirus cases has risen sharply, officials have announced that the test guidelines will be withdrawn, giving priority to patients with symptoms of the virus.
While coronavirus cases are increasing in Victoria, Australia's second largest state, officials there have prevented people from gathering in large groups or traveling to most of the rest of the country.
That hasn't stopped some fast food lovers, Pokémon Go players, and stowaways from trying.
According to official figures, four men in their twenties were spotted this week on an interstate freight train traveling from Melbourne, the capital of Victoria, to Perth on the country's west coast. They were found when officials with dogs searched the train during a layover in Adelaide, South Australia.
The men appeared in court on Wednesday and were released on condition that they would not commit any further crimes for 12 months.
Six Victoria travelers who attempted to enter Queensland with false papers were fined a total of $ 24,000 ($ 16,700), the Queensland police said this week. Victoria Police Deputy Commissioner Rick Nugent also said that since the six-week blockade in Melbourne began on July 9, more than 500 fines totaling more than $ 880,000 Australian dollars ($ 560,000) have been imposed on people, who stay at home breaking orders or gather inappropriately.
Among the violations were two men caught playing the Pokémon Go video game outdoors and others who were customers of sex workers and massage parlors. And 34 people were fined at a house party in Melbourne last week after the police were called there twice for noise complaints.
In Dandenong, a Melbourne suburb, a suspiciously large KFC take-out order last week resulted in police hiding more than a dozen people at a house party and fines of $ 26,000 in Australian dollars. Another man refused a police order to leave a KFC restaurant.
On Wednesday, Mr. Nugent asked the police to comply with the new restrictions. "The time for discretion is over," he said.
Australia has recorded at least 10,200 confirmed cases and 110 deaths, according to a Times database. Victoria reported 238 new cases on Wednesday.
Australia was initially praised for responding to the pandemic, but last month a second surge crept through Victoria, reaching parts of neighboring New South Wales, the country's most populous state. New South Wales officials said they would likely introduce new restrictions but would not impose a strict ban.
Airbnb tries to spread "kindness", but is rejected on Twitter.
The pandemic has challenged pretty much everyone, almost everywhere. However, it is difficult for some people to show sympathy for a certain group: Airbnb hosts.
On Tuesday, the home sharing giant informed its users that it had a new way to connect to your favorite hosts. The company said it introduced "friendliness cards" and the option to add a cash contribution. "We hope that these cards will make the hosts smile and give you some pleasure," the message read.
Though the pandemic had a real impact on individual homeowners and smaller hotel operators struggling to make ends meet, the response was far from encouraging – instead, it was a mixture of ridicule and surprise.
"Amazed that a @airbnb-sized company would ask previous customers to donate to hosts," wrote a Twitter user. Other people shared the feeling. "Airbnbs' new strategy to email me asking me to send a" friendship card "to Airbnb hosts I stayed with 3 years ago is downright bizarre," someone else tweeted.
Airbnb itself has had problems since the pandemic paralyzed the travel industry. In April, the company announced that it had raised $ 1 billion in new funds to hold cash and manage the consequences of the corona virus outbreak. The following month, Airbnb announced it would fire a quarter of its employees.
But while Airbnb is asking its users to send some love to their former hosts, a more tangible message surfaced on Tuesday: what could be an early sign of recovery as locks in places around the world ease, Airbnb Reuters said, that more than 1 million reservations were made on the platform on July 8, a number that had not been seen since early March.
The reporting was contributed by Ben Casselman, Manny Fernandez, Dana Goldstein and J. David Goodman, Jason Gutierrez, Maggie Haberman, Makiko Inoue, Isabella Kwai, David Montgomery, Claire Moses, Motoko Rich, Eliza Shapiro, Mitch Smith, Sheryl Gay Stolberg, Eileen Sullivan, Jim Tankersley, Hisako Ueno and David Waldstein.